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market share due to increased competition. (Mcbride, J., & Sergie, M. A. 2017)Pros and Cons of NAFTAThe NAFTA world’s largest free trade area linking 450 million people, and its member economies generate 20.8 trillion. But do the pros outweigh the cons? (Amadeo, K. 2017) Some of the Pros of NAFTA are. First, the trade between the three countries has quadrupled because of eliminating tariffs. Trade increased $1.14 trillion in 2015. Second, is lowering prices on Mexicanoil imported. This allows the U.S. to sell gas cheaper and decrease reliance on buy oil from the Middle East. Along with the cost of gas prices being lower this keeps transportation more affordable for food, and goods, and people. Third, U.S. has boosted growth by 0.5% a year with three industries have increased exports: Agriculture, automotive, and health care services. Fourth, the jobs that NAFTA has created, in the first four years after NAFTA was signed 800,000manufacturers created jobs and due to increased exports has led to nearly 5 million new U.S. Jobs. Fifth, foreign investments have tripled U.S. businesses invested $452 billion in Mexico andCanada. Companies from Canada and Mexico have invested $240.2 billion in the United States helping manufacturing, insurance, and banking companies. Sixth, NAFTA reduced government spending because contracts became available to suppliers in all three countries. This allowed for increased competition and lower costs for contracted services requested by the government. (Amadeo, K. 2017)NAFTA has also brought a lot of disadvantages that have impacted the U.S. economy. First, it lost 500,00 to 750,000 jobs from states like California, Michigan, New York, and Texas.
NAFTA Page 7Companies in manufacturing industries moved their companies to Mexico for cheaper labor cost.The same industries that have benefited from NAFTA and increased exports and profits were the same companies to take took advantage of relocating manufacturing to Mexico. These industries were motor vehicles, textiles, computers, and electrical appliances. Second, job migration has suppressed wage increases for the American people. Sixty-five percent of companies in the affected industries (motor vehicles, textiles, computers, and electrical appliances) threatened to move to Mexico. This left the U.S. labor force with no ability to bargain for higher wages. The NAFTA agreement helped the companies make more money but did not support real growth for the American people in these industries. Third, NAFTA allowed the government-subsidized U.S. farm products into Mexico, put Mexican farmers out of business Mexican local farmers could not compete with subsidized low prices from the United States. Fourth, the inability to make a living wage from farming caused Mexicans to lose their farms. To serve many had to take jobs working for the foreign-owned factory in Mexico at which imported parts are assembled by lower-paid workers into products for export. This was known as the maquiladora program and gave the Mexican people sub-standard conditions for working and income. Fifth, the U.S. and Canadian companies moved their business in they degraded the environment to keep their spending costs low. (Amadeo, K. 2017)Renegotiating NAFTA
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........., North American Free Trade Agreement, GBA440, Research Paper