3 infibulation narrowing the vaginal opening by

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3. infibulation: narrowing the vaginal opening by creating a seal, formed by cutting and repositioning the labia
Please keep in mind that this is a cultural, NOT religious, practice. F. The Urethral Opening is located above the vaginal opening. Urine passes from the body through the urethral opening. The proximity of the urethral opening to the vaginal opening, as well as the shorter length of the urethra in women, increase a woman’s chance of contracting a urinary tract infection such as cystitis . A UTI is an infection of the urethra, bladder, or other urinary structure. Cystitis can be prevented by drinking lots of fluids, including orange or cranberry juice; decreasing the use of alcohol and caffeine; and maintaining the cleanliness around the urethral opening. G. The Vaginal Opening lies below and larger than the urethral opening. Hymen define – ring of tissue surrounding, partially covering or fully screening the vaginal opening. Hymneorrhaphy define, and explain why some women would consider this necessary. This is a medical procedure, common in some cultures, to reconstruct or repair the hymen to allow a woman to appear “virginal”. I can think of only a few reasons why a woman might consider this such as if she were extremely religious or not necessarily religious herself but from a religious family and wanted her spouse to consider her “pure” as people do when they associate virginity with purity. I don’t think many women who aren’t part of a strict religious background would go so far as to do this. H. The Perineum consists of the skin and underlying tissue between the vaginal opening and the anus. It is well supplied with nerve endings. An episiotomy is the cutting of the perineal tissue during labor. This practice is declining in frequency. I. The Anus –as in men, may provide increased sexual pleasure from stimulation. J. T HE B REASTS In some cultures the breasts are viewed as biological instruments for feeding infants. But the culture of the United States has eroticized breasts. 1. Breasts are secondary sexual characteristics – that is, they distinguish women from men but are not directly involved in reproduction. 2. Each breast contains milk-producing glands called mammary glands . Women vary little in their amount of glandular tissue; it is the fatty tissue between the glands that determines breast size.
3. The nipple lies in the center of the areola , the colored ring surrounding the nipple. When nursing, milk is released through the nipples. Oil is produced from glands in the areola to lubricate the nipples during breast-feeding. 4. Breast cancer – strikes nearly 192,370 women in the United States each year and takes about 40,170 lives. While breast cancer rates are slowly rising in the U.S., more cases of breast cancer are being detected early due to increased awareness and mammography.

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