C britain did disdain american publishing up through

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c. Britain did disdain American publishing up through the 1820s, and Americans up through that period got much of their fiction from England, since the pragmatic U.S. focused more on political tracts such as The Federalist than they did on entertainment prior to the War of 1812. d. Publishing did become increasingly mechanized during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, but this came later and was not the only impetus for the creation of the American literary form in the earlier part of the century. That was driven by national pride in the years after the War of 1812. e.Literacy rates in America, though improving, were still sadly rather high. Over one million whites were still unable to read and write in the years before the Civil War. Question 12 a. Correct answer. Transcendentalists exalted the individual spirit. They believed that every person has an inner light inside them that can point them to the highest truth or connect them directly to God. There was no need for church or priestly intermediaries. b. The Transcendentalists wanted to shake off what they felt was the stifling influence of the church, especially Puritan theology, and other institutions on individuals. c.Transcendentalist rejected the accepted notions of John Locke and others who argued that all knowledge is obtained through observation and the five senses. d. With their fierce commitment to self-reliance and self-discipline as the key to maintaining social order, they rejected the need for authorities or any formal institutions. e. To Transcendentalists, the individual mattered most, and they hailed human being’s ability to craft any and all necessary social reforms. Question 13 a. John Greenleaf Whittier sought to speak out against injustice and inhumanity and inspire social action in his poems. b. Louisa May Alcott shared her uplifting vision of the human spirit in Little Women and other beloved works.
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Chapter 15 c. Henry David Thoreau noted the human capacity for righteousness in his many works from Walden to On Civil Disobedience . d. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow wrote poems that celebrated American traditions. e. Correct answer. Edgar Allen Poe, who was orphaned at a young age and plagued by a number of illnesses and tragedies, wrote a darker literature that focused on the ghastly and horrific. Question 14 a. Francis Parkman (1823–1893) authored several important historical works beginning in 1851, which traced the contest between France and Britain for control of colonial North America. b. Correct answer. Former secretary of the navy and founder of the Naval Academy at Annapolis, George Bancroft (1800–1891) has been dubbed the “Father of American History.” He is known for his six-volume, highly patriotic history of the United States to 1789, an important and foundational historic work. c. William Prescott (1796–1859), though not the father of American history, nonetheless wrote notably works that moved the profession forward, focusing on the conquest of Mexico (1843) and Peru (1847). d. Herman Melville (1819–1891) was the author of the epic novel Moby Dick and not a historian. e. Trained as a Unitarian minister, Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882) was a transcendentalist poet, essayist, and lecturer.
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