Making inferences why do you think james ii fled to

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Mathematics: A Practical Odyssey
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Chapter 2 / Exercise 45
Mathematics: A Practical Odyssey
Johnson/Mowry
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7. MAKING INFERENCES Why do you think James II fled to France when William of Orange led his army to London? 8. SYNTHESIZING What conditions in England made the execution of one king and the overthrow of another possible? 9. WRITING ACTIVITY REVOLUTION Write a persuasive essay for an underground newspaper designed to incite the British people to overthrow Charles I. USING YOUR NOTES 2.What patterns do you see in the causes of these conflicts? 3. Why was the death of Charles I revolutionary? 4. What rights were guaranteed by the Habeas Corpus Act? 5.How does a constitutional monarchy differ from an absolute monarchy? 1. For each term or name, write a sentence explaining its significance. U.S. Democracy Today, the United States still relies on many of the government reforms and institutions that the English developed during this period. These include the following: • the right to obtain habeas corpus , a document that prevents authorities from holding a person in jail without being charged a Bill of Rights, guaranteeing such rights as freedom of speech and freedom of worship • a strong legislature and strong executive, which act as checks on each other • a cabinet, made up of heads of executive departments, such as the Department of State • two dominant political parties CONNECT TO TODAY Charles I English Civil War Oliver Cromwell Restoration habeas corpus Glorious Revolution constitutional monarchy cabinet DRAWING A POLITICAL CARTOON Yet another revolution threatens the monarchy today in Great Britain. Some people would like to see the monarchy ended altogether. Find out what you can about the issue and choose a side. Represent your position on the issue in an original political cartoon. SECTION ASSESSMENT 5 Absolute Monarchs in Europe 183
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Mathematics: A Practical Odyssey
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Chapter 2 / Exercise 45
Mathematics: A Practical Odyssey
Johnson/Mowry
Expert Verified
Absolute Monarchs in Europe Long-Term Causes Immediate Causes decline of feudalism rise of cities and support of middle class growth of national kingdoms loss of Church authority religious and territorial conflicts buildup of armies need for increased taxes revolts by peasants or nobles Immediate Effects Long-Term Effects regulation of religion and society larger courts huge building projects new government bureaucracies appointed by the government loss of power by nobility and legislatures r evolution in France western European influence on Russia English political reforms that influence U.S. democracy European Monarchs Claim Divine Right to Rule Absolutely Actions of Absolute Rulers Monarchs Who Took Them TERMS & NAMES For each term or name below, briefly explain its connection to European history from 1500 to 1800. 1. absolute monarch 6. Seven Years’ War 2. divine right 7. Peter the Great 3. Louis XIV 8. English Civil War 4. War of the Spanish Succession 9. Glorious Revolution 5. Thirty Years’ War 10. constitutional monarchy MAIN IDEAS Spain’s Empire and European Absolutism Section 1 (pages 155–161)

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