Intrinsic motivation James-Lange theory of emotion Maslow Hierarchy of Needs Yerkes-Dodson law 1. Motivation that comes from within a person and includes the elements of challenge, enjoyment, mastery, and autonomy. 1. 2. The idea that it is the perception of the physiological changes that accompany emotions that produces the subjective emotional experience. 2. 3. The process by which all organisms work to maintain physiological equilibrium, or balance around an optimal set point. 3. 4. Sensory feedback from the facial musculature during expression affects emotional experience. 4. 5. Fredrickson’s model for positive emotions, which posits that they widen our cognitive perspective and help us acquire useful life skills. 5. 6. Motivation that comes from outside the person and usually involves rewards and praises. 6. 28
Name : 7. Learned norms or rules, often taught very early, about when it is appropriate to express certain emotions and to whom one should show them. 7. 8. The principle that moderate levels of arousal lead to optimal performance. 8. 9. A hierarchy of social needs moving upward from physiological, safety, belongingness, esteem, and to self-actualization at the top. 9. 29
Name : Chap 12: Stress and Health It is a well-known fact that excessive stress can lead to many serious health issues in people of all ages. An interesting website on stress in college students listed three primary school related sources of stress: 1. Tardiness 2. Pressing Deadlines 3. Packed Schedule One causative behavior factor that could be related to all three of these is procrastination . Putting assignments off will inevitably lead to pressing deadlines and a more tightly packed schedule. Setting up a predicable routine of rest, recreation, and work can help alleviate stress. A predictable sleep schedule with ample sleep time can be helpful. Attack assignments early. This can give you a sense of what will be involved and the work-time needed. If you are on top of an assignment early, anxiety will be alleviated. In terms of recreation and extracurricular activities, don’t be afraid to say, ‘no’ , the website advises. Mastery Bank General adaptive syndrome (GAS) Alarm stage Resistance stage Exhaustion stage Emotion focused coping Emotional disclosure Health behavior approach Physiological reactivity model Problem-focused coping Type A Behavior Pattern (TABP) 1. A way of dealing with stress that aims to change the situation that is creating stress. 1. Problem-focused coping 2. As defined by Hans Selye, a generalized, nonspecific set of changes in the body that occur during extreme stress. 2. General adaptive syndrome (GAS) 3. An explanation for illness or health that focuses on the role of behaviors such as diet, exercise, or substance abuse. 3. Health behavior approach 4. A way of dealing with stress that aims to regulate the experience of distress. 4. Emotion focused coping 5. A way of responding to challenge or stress, characterized by hostility, impatience, competitiveness, and time urgency. 5. Type A Behavior Pattern (TABP) 30
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