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2 cognitive domain awarenessattention learningmemory

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2.Cognitive DomainAwareness/Attention, Learning/Memory, Thinking/Reasoning,Problem Solving, Decision-MakingGenes, maturation, environment, life-style, nutrition, and factors related to other domains.Intelligence, Knowledge,Expertise, Wisdom, Creativity, Language,Stages of Cognitive DevelopmentGenes, maturation, biological systems/processes, environment, life-style, nutrition, and factorsrelated to other domains.Developmental Changes/Challenges, Stress Factors, Resilience, WellnessChallenges include neurocognitive disorders such as Alzheimer’s and Vascular Type.3.Psychosocial DomainAttachment Bonding, Personality, Self-Concept, Self-Esteem,Emotions, Stages of Psychosocial DevelopmentGenes, maturation, environment, life-style, nutrition, and factors related to other domains.Social Cognition, Empathy, Family Structure/Climate, Relationships,Social Behavior, Social Roles, Self-RegulationGenes, maturation, biological systems/processes, environment, life-style, nutrition, and factorsrelated to other domains.Developmental Changes/Challenges, Stress Factors, Resilience, WellnessChallenges include anxiety disorders and depression.Note: Maturation refers to the natural, genetically programmed unfolding (“prompting”) of asequence of physical and behavioral changes.
© Ramos-Cancel, M.L. (Latest Revisions Spring 2013, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021, 2022)Notes Unit 1, First Set, Major TopicsDevelopmental Domains and Developmental PeriodsMajor Periods with a Brief Overview of Basic Typical Patterns1.Infancy (Birth to 12 months) and Toddlerhood (12 months to 3 yrs.)Physical Domain:Senses and body systems operate atbirthto varying degrees.There is brain plasticity and a bigwave of neurogenesis, with rapidly expanding neural connections.Brain grows in complexity.Physical and motor development is fastest.High sensitivity to environmental influences.Cognitive Domain:The sensorimotor stage is present atbirth.Infant learns through the senses and shows ability toremember, which helps acquire object permanence.Preoperational thought beginsaround age2, with limits in information processing.The processes of assimilation and accommodation arealready present during early infancy and continue throughout the life span.Shows capacity forsymbolic thought but not yet capable of using systematic thought, leading often to illogicalideas.Centration and egocentrism present.Classical and operant learning processes, as well asobservational/vicarious, are present during early infancy and continue throughout the life span.Psychosocial Domain:Major theme duringfirst year: Trust vs. Mistrust (virtue: hope); basis for attachment bonding.Major theme duringsecond year: Autonomy vs. Doubt (virtue: will).Themes continue to beimportant in later periods.Basic emotions (e.g. distress and contentment) are present.

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