Are there informal rules that say first year students

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Are there informal rules that say first-year students cannot mix with senior students? Does an individual’s language define him or her as a member of an in-group or an out-group? The basic starting point of critical research is the assumption of power structures in society or organizations that are reinforced and perpetuated by behavior and language. This basic assumption allows the critical researcher to start with general exploratory questions or to propose specific hypotheses about communication behavior and language. For example: RQ 1 : What rhetorical strategies are used in employee magazines and newsletters to promote loyalty to the organization? (The assumption here is that the content of employee communications is controlled by management.) H 1 : Leaders perceived as democratic will use the term we more frequently than the term I in addressing employees.
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The above starting points may mix to a greater or lesser degree. As Kaplan (1964) points out, it is possible to have explanation without prediction, and vice versa. For example, we may have a very good understanding of the dynamics of small groups but be unable to predict whether a new group will be a success or not. Or we may be able to predict the changes in language that a couple uses as they become more intimate, without necessarily understanding why this change is taking place. Starting With the “How” Question: Methods and Epistemologies Many researchers start with a method preference. For example, a political communication consultant may know that monitoring Twitter or Facebook postings is the best way to track rapid changes in voter preferences and to make some generalizations about them. Or a brand consultant consulting on what a new product should be named may know that focus groups offer the best chance of capturing all the (mis)understandings that a new product name is capable of generating. As such, this “method start” is really not intellectually defensible. It is the equivalent of saying you will video-record human behavior because you know how to do video recording. For experienced researchers, however, a method start is grounded in a concept of what about human communication is important to know and how best to know it. It is the track record of the method and its “fit” to the researcher’s interests that make the method start defensible. Method decisions are rooted in epistemology —the question of how we know what we know. We might know as a result of tenacity —we’ve always done it or understood it that way; intuition the hunch or the gut instinct; authority —because a credible source said so; rationalism logical reasoning; or empiricism —observation. Scientific methods typically combine empiricism, rationalism, and positivism (the idea that phenomena are governed by, and can be explained by, rules). Two strengths of this approach are openness and self-correction. Openness means that a researcher’s methods and data are open to inspection by other researchers, most typically in peer-reviewed publications. Self-correction means that other researchers can replicate a study. If a second study supports the first, researchers can have increased confidence in the findings.
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