Some ghettos thought that the key to survival was

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Some ghettos thought that the key to survival wasproviding the nazis with things they neededoJudenrat (Jewish Council)Sought to ease the situation of the jews but also responsiblefor carrying out orders of NazisResponsible for transferring Jews from homesOversaw distribution of food rationsSometimes tried to alleviate starvation by procuringfood illegallyProvided workers for forced laborBy 1941, Nazis demanded they hand over names of jewsfor deportationoJewish Self-help and Cultural LifeDespite the need for survival there was strong tendency inthe Ghetto towards self-helpJewish mutual aid societies operated over one hundred soupkitchens in WarsawThe national society for the caro f orphans ran schools andprovided food & clothingOver 1000 House committees were created and existed innearly every apartment houseEducation was illegal, yet Jewish children in the warsawGhetto were still educated
oOneg Shabbat Secret ArchiveHistorian emmanuel Ringelblum founded a secret archiveto document Jewish life and bear witness to the life anddeath of Warsaw JewsThe materials were preserved in three milk cans and buriedoutside of the GhettosPhase 3: 1941-1945 Final SolutionBeginning of extermination of JewsJune 22 1941: Invasion of the Soviet UnionoFull begining of jewish exterminationNazi “Euthanasia” ProgramoPrimarily focused on Nazi legislation to protect the aryan race andhuman inequalityoCalled other races aliens: primarily Jews and gypsiesHeavily focused on preventing them from mixing withGermansIn addition they were concerned with Afro-GermansThe Degenerates: People who were either mentally ill ordevelopmentally/intellectually delayedThe aim was to improve the human race through eugenicsand encouraging the “right people” together (Positiveeugenics) eliminating the unfit (negative eugenics)Not only an idea in Germany, and wanted to protectthe genetic heritage of nationsoWhat kind of support did Nazis need to support the programs oftheirsoOperation T-4: prelude/prototype of Final SolutionoNazi sterilizationInitially applied to disabled population of GermanyImplemented in 1933Asocials: Vague term applied to various unwantedelements of German societyGenetic courts were set up to decide whether someoneshould be sterilized or notConsisted of two physicians and one attorneyAbout 259,000 cases were referred to the courts and240,000 were deemed as cases for sterilizationAbout 50% were diagnosed with feeble mindednessAbout 25% were diagnosed with SchizophreniaAbout 14% were diagnosed with epilepsySoon after the courts were started many people denouncedmany people attempting to get people into the courtsMarriage Health law: required all Germans to get aphysician's sign off that they were genetically sound andwould allow the couple to get married
The state wanted to create mass archives on

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Term
Spring
Professor
Gillerman

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