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KEYWORDS: Apply64. Compare and contrast Crofton’s ticket-of-leave and Maconochie’s marks system.ANSWER:LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.17.03.02 – Discuss how parole was subsequently implemented by Walter CroftonReformatory.KEYWORDS: Apply65. Describe the medical model of parole. What were its primary goals? Why
did it lose favor?ANSWER:REFERENCES: The Development of Parole in the United StatesLEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.17.03.03 – Identify the reasons why discretionary parole was replaced by mandatCOBC.ALAR.17.03.05 – Argue the pros and cons of medical parole.KEYWORDS: Apply66. What is the justice model of corrections? What factors were associatedwith its emergence in the 1970s?
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Parole,Alexander Maconochie,Norfolk Island,Sir Walter Crofton