the quartet orchestrating the second american revolution 1783 1789.pdf

For madisons assessment of the political backlash

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For Madison’s assessment of the political backlash from Henry and Clinton, see JM to GW, 17 August, 24 August 1788, PWCS 6:454–55, 468–71.
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2. AH to JM, 23 November 1788, AH to Samuel Jones, 21 January 1789, AH to Pierre Van Cortlandt, 16 February 1789, and AH to the Electors of the State of New York, 7 April 1789, HP 5:235–36, 244–46, 254–55, 317–29; H.R. letters printed in the Daily Advertiser, HP 5:262–331. 3. GW to John Armstrong, 25 April 1788, PWCS 6:224. 4. GW to Charles Pettit, 16 August 1788, PWCS 6:448. 5. AH to GW, 13 August 1788, PWCS 6:444. 6. GW to AH, 3 October 1788, HP 5:223. 7. AH to GW, 30 September 1788, HP 5:221–22. 8. Henry Lee to GW, 13 September 1788, PWCS 6:510–12. 9. GW to Lafayette, 28 April 1788, PWCS 6:245. 10. GW to Henry Knox, 1 April 1789, PWR 2:20. 11. AH to James Wilson, 25 January 1789, HP 5:247–49. 12. My interpretation of Madison’s mentality and motives at this propitious moment is based primarily on the correspondence in MP . Helpful secondary accounts include: Richard Labinski, James Madison and the Struggle for the Bill of Rights (Oxford and New York, 2006); Jack N. Rakove, “James Madison and the Bill of Rights: A Broader Context,” Presidential Studies Quarterly 22 (1992): 667– 77; and Kenneth Bowling, “ ‘A Barrel to the Whale’: The Founding Fathers and the Adoption of the Bill of Rights,” JER 8 (1988): 223–51. Maier, Ratification , 443–68, provides a comprehensive synthesis. 13. The most accessible version of the circular letter is in RL 1:548–49. 14. JM to Thomas Mann Randolph, 13 January 1789, MP 11:416. See also JM to Tench Coxe, 24 June 1789, MP 12:257. 15. RL 1:590–611, which is the editorial essay that introduces the Jefferson-Madison correspondence in 1788–89, written by James Morton Smith. In my judgment, Smith’s treatment of the issues at stake sets the standard for all scholars attempting to recover Madison’s “original intentions” in drafting the Bill of Rights. If all of Smith’s introductory essays in this three-volume edition were published as a separate book, it would constitute a major new biography of Madison. 16. TJ to JM, 6 February 1788, RL 1:529–30. 17. TJ to Francis Hopkinson, 13 March 1789, JP 12:557–58. Jefferson’s draft of a “Charter of Rights” for France is in JP 15:167–68. For Jefferson’s radical belief in generational sovereignty, see Herbert E. Sloan, Principle and Interest: Thomas Jefferson and the Problem of Debt (New York, 1995), which is a more elegant analysis of this utopian strain in Jefferson’s thought than its title suggests. 18. I have discussed this utopian dimension of Jefferson’s thinking at greater length in American Creation: Triumphs and Tragedies at the Founding of the Republic (New York, 2007), 100–105. 19. JM to TJ, 17 October 1788, RL 1:564. 20. TJ to JM, 18 November 1788, 15 March 1789, RL 1:567, 587. 21. JM to George Eve, 2 January 1789, MP 11:404–5.
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22. JM to TJ, 29 March 1789, RL 1:609. 23. Address to the House of Representatives by the President, 5 May 1789, MP 12:132–34; Address of the President to Congress, 30 April 1789, MP 12:121–24.
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