Iconic memory is preconscious called preattentive

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Iconic Memory is preconscious – called preattentive (high speed processing) process which plays a powerful role in our visual perception Perception – how the brain organizes and gives meaning to information Automatic – it happens automatically Selective – more interested in a cute boy than what someone is saying Contextual - perception is contextual – if someone says the movie is scary, you may be more included to be scared Creative – perception fills in the areas that we do not have complete information, hair over one eye, the mind fills in the blanks Depth Perception – what makes a person able to see objects as they are in three dimensions? Binocular cues – make with two eyes (true depth perception requires both eyes) Monocular cues – eyes work alone Echoic memory - sensory memory linked to auditory perception, believed to play a key role in language processing Sensory Memory (Sense Memory) becomes short-term memory which has limited capacity, and then becomes long term memory Long Term Memory – storage of memory for long periods of time, storage is limitless Elaborative Rehearsal – meaningful manipulation of long-term memory, stored memory needs to be elaborated to make sense Procedural Memory – long term memory associated with skills, storing procedures Learning to ride a bike, tie a tie Last a long time or for life Semantic Memory – complex memory about ourselves, vocabulary, rules, our world Rehearsal Memory - Rehearsal is the intentional repetition of information in order to improve short-term memory. Chunking - Chunking involves organizing units of information into meaningful groups. Episodic Memory – stores life events and experiences Time-related – very much autobiographical ( memory of your 10 th birthday) MetaMemory – long term memory - which stores Knowledge of how our own memory works, directs all long- term memory searches Category Clustering – grouping words together into groups, generally done through conceptual processes Mnemonic Device – trick used to help memorize something Concept – mental event to category events or objects, groups of things, NOT just individual cases Prototype- most typical member of the category or concept
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Compulsion – repetitive activity or behavior one feels compelled to do, even against one’s will Involuntary acts or behaviors Example: compulsive hand washing Obsession – involves unsolicited reoccurring disturbing thoughts Ideas or thoughts that involuntarily intrude into awareness Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder - combination of compulsions and obsessions Somatoform – imagined disorders, no known medical or biological cause for the symptoms Conversion Disorder – classic somatoform disorder – conversion of emotion distress or unconscious conflict into a physical symptom Dissociative Disorder – an individual’s personality becomes separate from other parts, creating a lack of identity, memory or consciousness Three most common forms of dissociative disorder o Dissociative amnesia o Dissociative fugue o
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