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secret by helping DTI program their new softwares in a similar way, appellate ruling affirmed Main topics Identify statutes (congress, elected bodies) and common law (come from cases)Criminal Law - Statutes in which a state or federal government prohibits specified kinds of conduct and provide the punishment for violators Statute of Limitations for tort cases - Plaintiff injured by a defendant’s negligence must file suit within two years of the event Federal Law - Laws created by the national governmentState Law - Laws created at the state level (bulk of law) Civil Law - Laws that spell out the rights and duties existing among individuals, business firms and even government agencies Common Law - All rules and principles that result from judicial decisions Statutory Law - Legal rules that have been formally adopted by congress or legislative bodies rather than by courts
AppellateCourts at the high state level, hear appeals from judgements entered by the lower courts Appellate court cases are NOT A DO OVER, look at the record of the case for mistakes Appellate courts decide legal questions, they do not hear testimony of witnesses or entertain new evidence Kinds of cases that go to the federallawsuits based on federal lawscomplete diversity of citizenship you can also take the case to federal court, neutral territory) or the national court system Federal Courts have subject matter jurisdiction in federal cases and diversity of citizenship cases Long arm StatuteA court can exercise personal jurisdiction over certain out-of-state defendants based on activities that took place within the state Relationship between long arm statute (suing a person whos in another state) must show they have had minimum contact with your state ArbitrationSign a contract first, gives them privilege to decide a caseParties select an arbitrator to reach a binding decision (Judge Judy is an example) Arbitrator’s decisions cannot be appealed MediationNeutral third parties who have no power to render a binding decision but help the two sides reach an out-of-court settlement and sign a contract by themselves Cannot make people take action, guide people towards settlements, contract happens at the endDifference between assault (fearful they’re about to be harmed) and battery (physical contact must occur)Plaintiff must prove - affirmative conduct, intent, injury Different legal duties for different obligationsFriends - warn them of known hidden dangersBusiness guests - must keep safe from all hidden dangers whether you know about them or not Landowners do not owe a duty of care to trespassers What can licensees sue the landowner for? Injuries caused by hidden dangers they should’ve beenwarned about Licensee - One who has right to come onto the property for self benefit (solicitor) Difference between causing fact and proximate cause