5 corporate over individual liberties communities

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5. corporate over individual liberties: communities matter most individualism is not celebrated. 6. patriarchal: dominated by men. Women not a vocal part in community. Women didn’t publish typically. C. Winthrop and Rowlandson pieces are written 52 years apart. Winthrop had optimism. Certain pessimism darkness to the world view. D. Dissention in the Ranks & Puritan Persecution: 1. Declension: a decline in religion faith and falling away society. Causing the troubled times. Increase conflict with Indians.
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2. Two important dissenter: a. Anne Hutchinson: Antinomian heresy she preaches, she committed antinomian heresy- the belief that one can communicate directly with God. Who is amongst the elect and who is not. Breaks the belief system of Puritans. 1628 charged with heresy and banished and died in an Indian uprising 1643. b. Roger Williams: preacher in the Mass. Bay Colony. He was a separatist and break completely from Church of England. Defended Quakers. Defended the Indians. Challenged the connection between church and state. He was supposed to be deported instead he escaped and stayed with Naragauntiats Indians and establishes Providence, Rhode Island. 3. Salem Witch Trials: Cotton Mather- lead the Salem Witch Trials 1790s , large wave of prosecution mostly of women with weak ties to the church and people who protested against this . They admitted wrong. 50 were forced into confession 20 executed. 4. The Great Awakening, 1830s & 1840s, led by George Whitefield & Jonathan Edwards (Davies goes over this) Basically the last gasp of Puritanism regalvanize it. Puritanism peters out after. E. The Puritan Legacy (or “These people are weird. What’ve they got to do with me?”) greatest cultural impact 1. America as fulfillment of prophesy, as ordained or destined something that carries on to this day, secularized, that somehow we are a pinnacle. 2. America as God’s country, American’s as chosen people secular terms but still active. 3. America as the culmination of Christianity and civilization 4. America as a model to the world: The City Upon A Hill America exceptionalism- the idea that America is somehow better and exceptional in the world. IV. The American Indian Wars – some highlights A. Pequot War in New England in 1637 -- English in alliance with Narragansett and Mohegan against Pequot -- Mystic River massacre: B. Wappinger massacre -- 80 friendly Indians killed in response to the murder of one Dutch farmer -- Scalping: C. King Philip’s War in New England 1675-1676: -- Metacomet:
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-- English allied with Mohegan and Iroquois: -- The Death of Metacomet: D. John Elliot and the Praying Indians: -- praying towns: -- persecution of praying Indians: E. Bacon’s Rebellion: Nathaniel Bacon (“General of Virginia”) -- Vigilante raids on Indians -- 1676 attack on Jamestown: Subject In art Captivity narrative. Rowlandson’s fits into it. Usually young white woman captured by “savages” V. About the Captivity Narrative as a Genre A. Pre-Columbian literary genre: Before Columbus got to America, in Africa. Englishman being captive of the wild man of Ireland. Coming of age story.
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