Is the persons are the local institutions schools and

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is the person’s are the local institutions (schools and churches)Macrosystemsis the person’slarger social setting (culture values, political views)IV. Using the Scientific Method A.A. ObservationScientific observation is merely observing & record in an objective mannerObservation can occur in two ways: natural observation occurs in someone’s natural setting such as at home or at school, while lab observation in done in a control setting One major limitation in observation is that it doesn’t indicate what is causing the behavior, “why did they do that, I’m not sure?”B.B. ExperimentAn experiment is often used to determine causation or to understand why something occurredIV in the experiment is the variable that changes DV in the experiment is the results at the end of the experimentsEG is given the IV & the CG is given nothing, but both are held under the same conditions
Gutierrez12We divide participants into two groups that match on important characteristics, then we give one of them a special treatment, and finally compare the groups to determine resultsC.C. SurveySurveys are used to collect large amount of information from people ; this is a quick and easy way to gather dataMajor limitation with surveys is that we don’t know if the answers given are valid and there is no real way of fixing this problemD. Studying Change over Time a) Cross-Sectional Research Research designed to compare groups that differ in age but are similar in other important characteristics Problem is that the differ age group may affect their options b) Longitudinal Research Research designed in follow one individual over time and their development is studiedProblem is that people may withdraw from the experimentV. Cautions from Science A. Correlation and Causation People often confuse correlation and causation; people assume that one variable cause another and this isn’t true People that listen to sexually music are sexually active, more do sexually active people list to sexual musicB. Quantity and Quality
Gutierrez13Quantitative research is research that provides data that can be put into numbers (easily translated across cultures and populations)Qualitative research is research that considers qualities, expresses ideas, and open ended questions (reflects cultural and contextual diversity)C. Ethics in Research Psychology has a code of ethics that ensure that no one is harmed during researchExperimenter must explain that participation is voluntary, confidential, and harmless Protection of participants may conflict with the goal of science Experimenter must report their findings to that participants after the research is doneReview you provide us with. Ch-2 From Conception to Birth I. Life Begins
Gutierrez14Everyone begins life as a single cell, calledZygote, formed from the fusing of two gametes a sperm and ovum.

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Term
Fall
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
DNA, Developmental Psychology, Twin, The Unconscious, Chapter Notes IN, Invitation To The Life Span

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