A child rights based approach to humanitarian action and transition aims to

A child rights based approach to humanitarian action

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A child rights-based approach to humanitarian action and transition aims to address both the direct and indirect consequences of crises and calls on a range of duty bearers to fulfill their responsibilities to protect, respect and fulfill children’s rights. This includes preventing and protecting boys and girls against violence, as well as ensuring that their full range of rights and needs are respected and fulfilled. This imperative is echoed in the broader doctrine of humanitarian action which recognizes that providing humanitarian life-saving assistance in the face of human rights deprivations, without also providing protection from attack, persecution and/or other human rights violations or deprivations is not enough. ii While governments have the primary responsibility to protect civilians, humanitarian actors must mitigate and at times prevent violations to the extent that they can. This is particularly important in contexts where the government and/or de facto authorities are not able or willing to respond to human rights abuses. A child rights-based approach puts children at the centre of the action, as active participants rather than recipients of assistance. It recognizes the important role of governments, as well as humanitarian actors as duty bearers during crises while at the same time recognizing the additional 5
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DRAFT – Toolkit on Child Rights in Humanitarian Crises and Post-Crisis Transition, July 2012 challenges of applying this approach in complex humanitarian situations and transitional contexts. A rights-based approach to humanitarian crisis and post-crisis transition aims to iii : fulfill children’s right to survival and to protection from violence access and protect the most vulnerable “do no harm” /avoid exacerbating the situation restore normality as swiftly as possible ensure humanitarian action and transition is in children’s best interests address inequalities and disparities in all elements of programming, recognizing that inequalities may cause or exacerbate vulnerabilities promote the participation of children and their families in the analysis, design and monitoring of humanitarian and transition programmes hold duty bearers accountable to fulfill their obligations strengthen the capacities of state authorities and NGOs and CSOs for effective humanitarian and transition response influence and change policies and programmes that have caused or contributed to a crisis enable children, as rights holders, to demand and promote their own rights, and advocate for the rights and voices of children 1.2. International Human Rights and Humanitarian Law There are two sets of standards designed to protect children in humanitarian crisis: human rights law, including the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), and international humanitarian law.
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  • Summer '16
  • Ramon Wawire
  • Child Rights

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