Napoleon bonaparte was elected leader then appoints

This preview shows page 45 - 53 out of 73 pages.

Napoleon Bonaparte was elected leader, then appoints himself emperor of France.Video
Hero of the HourOctober 1795- Royalists march on the National Assembly wanting to restore the monarchyNapoleon, who happens to be in town, leads a group of artillery and disperses the crowdNapoleon becomes a celebrity, seen as the savior of the Republic, known as the “Hero of the Hour”Put in charge of the army that is set up to fight the Austrians, he winsNapoleon gets more powerful by the day
Coup d’EtatBy 1799 the directory is losing control Napoleon and his wife, Josephine, work behind the scenes to try to get supportBy this time Napoleon is in charge of the entire, French army and is very popularNapoleon with his army marches on the National AssemblyThe National Assembly dissolves the directoryDuring the coup Napoleon becomes 1stconsul, basically the dictator
PlebiscitePlebiscite- a vote of the peopleNapoleon calls for a vote of the people to approve his takeover and other reformsThey approve him and also approve new constitution, set up a national bank, create public schools.Now merit gets you ahead, not birth
Legal System-Napoleonic CodeEquality of all in the eyes of the law No recognition of privileges of birth (i.e. noble rights inherited from ancestors.) Freedom of religion Separation of the church and the state Freedom to work in an occupation of one's choice Strengthening the family by:Placing emphasis on the husband and father as the head of the family Restricting grounds for divorce to three reasons: adultery, conviction of a serious crime, and grave insults, excesses or cruelty; however divorce could be granted by mutual agreement, as long as the grounds were kept private. Defining who could inherit the family property
Napoleonic CodeConfirmed Abolition of Privileges Established a meritocracyRegulation of LaborOutlawed worker’s organizationsAbolished laws of primogenitureExtended to all French territory
Napoleonic Code – Results A woman could not vote. A wife owed obedience to her husband, who had total control over their property. A unmarried woman had few rights and could not be a legal guardian or witness wills. It was easier for a man to sue for divorce on grounds of adultery, while a man had to cohabit with his mistress for two years for his wife to justify a divorce. If a man surprised his wife in bed with another man, he could kill her legally. If a woman did so, she could be tried for murder. Minors had few rights. (A father even could place his child in jail for up to six months.) Illegitimate children had no rights of inheritance
Napoleon becomes Emperor1804- Napoleon learns about an assassination plot sponsored by Louis XVI’s family.

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 73 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Fall
Professor
N/A
Tags
French Revolution, Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette, Napoleon, Robespierre, Louis XVI of France, Louis XVIII of France

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture