1.Survey the text: read the first and last paragraphs and the beginning and final sentences of the other paragraphs. How close were your predictions? 2. Identify your purpose for reading. a If you are looking for specific information, read the part where you think the information will be. b If you want a general idea of the whole text, read the whole text.
In both cases ignore words or sections you don't immediately understand. You should now have a general idea of what the text is about and if it is going to be useful for you. Does it answer the question(s) you asked? 3. Write down in 1 or 2 sentences: • what you think the main ideas are • what your first reaction to the text is. Do you find it interesting, informative, well-argued, boring, illogical, inaccurate? 4. Do a second more careful reading, marking any new words that are important for your understanding. Check on the main idea and revise what you wrote if necessary. Decide what the subsidiary ideas are. How do they relate to the main idea? Put all the ideas together in linear notes, or as a mind map.
1. Make a list of the new words which you think will be useful for you in the future. Give: • definitions of the words • indication of whether they are nouns, verbs, adjectives etc. • phrases in which the word occurs • other words with the same meaning • other forms of the words e.g. counsellor (noun)= a person who gives help and support to people who have problems, an adviser [counsel (noun), to counsel] 2. Evaluate what you have read: • How does it fit into what you already think and know? • Does it confirm your ideas, add to them, conflict with them? • If there are opinions, do you agree or disagree with them? Thanks to the English Language Centre, University of Exeter for this exercise.
- Spring '10
- Noun phrase