*Conflicts along Religious Borders Interfaith Boundaries – Boundaries between the world’s major faiths Christian-Muslim interfaith boundary in Africa Intrafaith Boundaries – Boundaries within a single major faith Protestant and Catholics (Christianity) in Northern Ireland Sunni and Shiite (Muslim) Intraconflicts include: Israel / Palestine – conflict over Jerusalem the British government partitioned Palestine, became state so Israel gained West Bank and Gaza Strip Nigeria – NORTH Muslims and SOUTH Christians Former Yugoslavia Religious lines run through Balkan Peninsula Slovenian and Croat in WEST are Catholic Serbs and Montenegrans in East and South are East Ortho Ethnic Cleansing – Systematic killing of an entire people or nation, Bosnian Muslims caught in the middle of Croat and Serb war were slaughtered Northern Ireland And Great Britain form UK Catholics and Protestants in Northern Ireland distance themselves from one another Activity Space – daily activity (tracking pro and cath separation in daily activity) *Religious Fundamentalism and Extremism Religious Fundamentalism – Religious movement where objectives are to return to the foundations of the faith and influence state policy Religious Extremism – Fundamentalism carried to the point of violence Globalization affects all religion
Christianity – fundamentalism Judaism – Israel extremists (Kach and Kache Chai) Ortho conservative Islam – Fundamentalist Extremism : 9/11 Jihad – Islamic Holy War Review: -Religion shapes culture -All major religions from Eurasia E. Med. -Distribution of Major religions Hinduism – India Buddhism, Taoism, Shintoism, Chinese philosophies – East and SE Asia Islam – Across N Africa, through Middle East, into SE Asia Shamanism – Subsaharan Africa Christianity – Europe, Americas Judaism – Israel to Europe and Americas Quiz: British government voted to partition Palestine Zionism – goal to find homeland for Jews Islam – youngest major religion Shi’a Islam dominates Pakistan and Arghistan Hajj – pilgrimage to Mecca, one of 5 pillars of Islam Indonesia – largest Islamic state Ashkenazim – Jews that went to Central Europe
Christianity – most widely dispersed Sikhism – Arose from confrontation of Hinduism and Buddhism Zoroastianism, Islam, Christianity – MONOTHESITIC Diaspora of Jews resulted from Roman destruction of Jerusalem
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