professional physician in the realm of training and expertise in the diagnosing and managing of ADHD in children (Sayal et al., 2018.). The guidelines around the clinical practice must emphasize the pediatricians in the initiation of evaluations for ADHD concerns. The diagnosis of ADHD shall be established according to the guidelines in DSM-IV that include requirements to be documented regarding the symptoms, behaviors, and time frame of the symptoms (Zavala, Ironside, & Kaur, 2017). The evaluation process should adhere to the commonly co-occur results of the ADHD diagnosis in relation to the emotional and behavioral
ASTHMA 7 outcomes of the child ( “ NICE guidelines ” , n.d.). Development and other known psychological disorders must be noted. The pediatricians should see that ADHD is a condition that required chronic care in the coordination of all involved within the child ’ s social arena. The recommendations for the child treatment plan will vary accordingly to the age of the child. When medication is prescribed, it should be titrated to ensure the child is receiving the maximum benefit with the least amount of adverse effects ( “ NICE guidelines ” , n.d.). A child diagnosed with ADHD (medication prescribed is Adderall 5 mg daily. Adderall is a combination of dextroamphetamine and amphetamine is used to treat ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) cases in both adults and children. People with ADHD are thus helped in increasing their attention spans and in controlling their activities. levels of dopamine (a brain chemical) are increased by the Adderall drug. This, therefore, stimulates a focusing and calming effect to the affected. The sage typically starts with 5mg and eventually increases though it is best preferred one should work with the lowest effective possible dosage. In some cases, Adderall is abused because it triggers increased attention or alertness, a euphoric feeling among people who take the drug without any medical reason. Children may develop some psychotic symptoms such as having delusions and hallucinations. Any allergies need to be explained to the doctor to avoid the adverse effects of the drug. Some of the stimulants in Adderall may delay development and growth in children (Zaza et al, 2017). One also ought to check out for overdosage effects such as loss of consciousness, fevers and rapid breathing (Zavala et al, 2017). One should also be careful about the type of foods that he/she is taking and other over the counter drugs to avoid bad reactions.
ASTHMA 8 Asthma is a very common condition that affects about 25 million people in the United States, out of those 7 million are children. Asthma can affect people of any age and most often begins in childhood. Asthma is a chronic lung disease that causes the airways to become inflamed and narrow leading to symptoms such as wheezing, chest tightness, shortness of breath, and coughing. There is no cure for asthma, however, there are many treatments for asthma including inhalers, avoiding things that worsen or trigger your asthma, inhaled corticosteroids, and working with your doctor to develop an asthma action plan to follow. Because asthma is an
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