The natural color present in carrots Canthaxantin E160g fat soluble Gives the

The natural color present in carrots canthaxantin

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- The natural color present in carrots Canthaxantin (E160g) – fat-soluble - Gives the same color as beta-carotene - Used as tanning agent – why? o Since it is fat-soluble: deposits in fatty tissue under skin so skin will appear colored from the outside Amount in tanning agents : 30 mg/pill ; recommended: 4 pills/day o Canthaxantin in food dye: 5.5mg/day o In Canada, NOT allowed as tanning agent because it will deposit into the retina and cause crystal deposits Color added to Butter - Only during the WINTER season o Not summer bc cows would eat grass outside which have beta-carotene turns butter very yellow o In the winter, they are fed hay which don’t turn butter yellow - But since ppl don’t like seeing color added, yellow is added naturally in the winter by feeding them things rich in beta-carotene instead of just hay Egg Yolk - Feed the chicken food that is rich in beta-carotene to naturally color the egg yolk VIDEO #3 Cochineal Red used in Artificial Strawberry Extract - Comes from the cochineal insect (dactylopius coccus) - Present in salami, Campari, cherry/strawberry ice cream, strawberry frappucino - People don’t like the idea of crushed bug juice in their foods - Cochineal red being used can be an issue for vegetarians (having animal products in their food) - Cochineals grow on cactus o Only the females are used to produce the coloring agent Because the color is present in the eggs of the females Cochineal red dye is water-soluble No danger VIDEO #5 Synthetic Colors - Term used is “certified” means the manufacturing process has been checked and is certified to deliver what was required - Usually give intense, unnatural colors - Names vary in Canada, US, Europe BANNED: o US: FD & C Red #2 and #4 RESTRICTED: o US: Citrus Red #2 o Canada: Ponceau SX, Citrus Red No. 2 Citrus Red #2 (Restricted)
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- Restricted can be used in foods but under specific conditions - Historically, used to color the skin of oranges; in which a ‘color added’ stamp would be added o Done because some oranges because of the high chlorophyll content would turn green even if it was fine, but wasn’t appealing VIDEO #6 In 1973, Ben F. Feingold: synthetic food dyes associated with hyperactivity in children - Controversy - A reason to explain the correlation: children put on the Feingold diet (where these dyes were removed) were given more attention did better But there is a reason to avoid these synthetic food dyes they are found in foods with poor nutritional value VIDEO #7 Yellow Dye #5 (Tartrazine) - ONLY DYE NEEDED TO BE INDICATED ON THE LABELS o Many people suffer from allergic reactions Red Dye #2 (Amaranth) - Banned in US but allowed in Canada o This decision was actually based on the same studies used Red Dye #40 - One point banned in Canada, now allowed in both countries Red Dye #3 maraschino cherries - Investigated as potentially causing cancer in animals o Need to see if it’s also a human carcinogen Human Carcinogen: only if it causes cancer in test animals and when people who are exposed to this chemical have a higher cancer rate o
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  • Spring '11
  • Multiple
  • Food coloring, Pesticide, E number

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