Another type of murmur is the feline trill, an acknowledgement pattern usually directed towards humans or another cat in their social group. 2) Vowel pattern A vowel pattern is the meow usually this is when the cat's mouth is open and then closed can also be used as a greeting, anger wail, request for food or going outside
the meow is typically directed towards human caretakers and rarely used towards other cats 3) trained intensity sounds usually a hiss, which is fear or anxiety related, or a shriek, which is when the cat is especially upset, possibly combined with a hiss and a spit · Offensive threat a cat who is confident displays an offensive threat to make their body posture look larger typically ears are flattened halfway down and it’s mouth is usually closed. **This is a huge difference between offensive and defensive. The cat's body will be projected forward, and the back leg is usually extended and raised to full height · Defensive threat usually the ears are pinned very flat, the mouth is open and in a hiss, the pupils are dilated, and the cat can even be crouching this is a distance-increasing posture, usually these cats in a defensive posture are ready to escape or rollover this is not submission this is the posture that can also be seen in play as well · Fearful posture a cat usually has dilated pupils and his mouth is shut his ears are forward or very frightened ears are pinned back those that are fearful are usually not going to be aggressive Halloween postures - bluff pattern where the cat is just trying to look bigger but won't actually look at the opponent Specialized skin glands are important for olfactory communication include the submandibular under the chin, the perioral glands at the corners of their mouth, the temporal glands, and the sebaceous glands along the base of their tail the interdigital glands are located between the pads of the feet when a cat rubs their face and head on objects the secretions of these glands are deposited as scent marks the behavior of head rubbing on objects is called bunting. Behavioral Problems Urine marking medical or stress related Stressors could be due to new animals, change in litter box location, or type of litter, even the depth of the litter can stress some cats out. furniture scratching clipping nails scratching posts (can also stretch) nail covers inter-cat aggression causes could be medically related due to inappropriate introduction or about space issues and resource sharing There are several other behavioral problems that cats do have, such as excessive meowing, inappropriate play, nocturnal activity. Treatment of soiling move litter box change litter thorough cleaning n + 1 litter boxes
Dog Communication Dogs send and receive signals to people and other animals via three main channels: olfactory, auditory, and visual.
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- Fall '08
- Dog breed