化学革命 化学革命 john dalton 1766 1844 1803

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化学革命 化学革命 John Dalton (1766– 1844) 1803 年把元素说和 原子说结合起来,提 出科学的原子论
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化学革命 化学革命 Amedeo Avogadro (1776–1856) 1811 年提出分子理
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化学与电学结合 化学与电学结合 Humphry Davy (177 8–1829) 利用伏打电堆电解苛 性碱,制得钠、钾等 元素,为“电化二元 论”理论奠定基础
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电学与磁学结合 电学与磁学结合 Hans C. Ørsted (177 7–1851) 1820 年发现电流的 磁效应
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电学与磁学结合 电学与磁学结合 Michael Faraday (17 91–1867) 1831 年发现电磁感 应现象
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光学:微粒说转向波动说 光学:微粒说转向波动说 Thomas Young (177 3–1829) 1800 年率先提出了 光是一种波
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热机理论 热机理论 Lazare Carnot (1796 –1832) 1824 年提出热机理
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热学与力学、电磁学的统一 热学与力学、电磁学的统一 James P. Joule (181 8–1889) 1840 年发现焦耳定 律(统一热学和电磁 学) 1843 年测定热功定 量(统一热学和力 学) 能量守恒定律的提出
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热力学第二定律 热力学第二定律 Rudolf Clausius (18 22–1888) 18 世纪 50–60 年代 提出热力学第二定律
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物理学的第一次大一统 物理学的第一次大一统 James Clerk Maxwell (1 831–1879) 1873 年提出光是电磁波
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物理学的第一次大一统 物理学的第一次大一统 Heinrich Hertz (1857 –1894) 1886 年发现电磁波
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小结 小结 力学 电学 磁学 热学 光学 化学 天文学 数学 命科学 科学
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  • Spring '18
  • Su Liu

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