● Don’t need to step inside to see how impressive the Palozzo was ● It was arrogant and loud in its architecture ● The Medici’s new urban palace on the edge of town announced there wealth and set new rules fro what an aristocratic house in Florence should look like ● Declared Prestige in a new way ● Modernized Domus for new era that modeled itself closely on ancient rome, Time of Renaissance ● Parastyle atrium of the old house became one colinaded cortile, protected urban garden was still there, but enclosed by a high wall behind the palazzo ● Reality of social zoning was still there, but presented in horizontal layers ● Ground floor was most public, above was the pianonobile or noble floor, most prestigious rooms for family and guests, the third level was private rooms for the family, servants had extremese, sleeping in attic and working in basement level kitchens ● Horizontal layers are expressed in changing of stone texture on façade ● Many Mediterranean families tried to follow the Medici’s lead, they held on to their neighborhoods but tried to keep up with modern image of fancy house by remaking their own house ● ‘Model Home’: Copycat Palazzos ● Florence has copycat Pilzzos that use the Medici’s home as a model ● Palazzo Malenchini Alberti, Florence ● Medici investment paid off making them the biggest most powerful family in town , those that imitated them did not benefit quite as much ● Some went bankrupt as they tried to buy more house then they can afford
● Has a bench that runs at exterior wall along the sidewalk, today it serves tired tourist, but it was orginal part of the design, medici clients waited to see patrons, like the Roman salitutio A Room for One ● Studiolo From the Palazzo Ducale, Gubbio, CA. 1480 (Now at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York) ● Palazzo: for family, servants, business and religion ● Like domus, palazzo housed extended family, servants, and housed business and social interests ● Some palazzos began to include new space, one designed to serve owner as individual, small alcove off the master bedroom had a study ● Privacy? The studiolo = private room for male owner ● Notion of personal privacy that used to be so absence began to take hold ● Important person should have solitude began to take hold in architecture ● Space for individual identity; elite male privilege ● Inlaid wood imagery: shows erudition, interests ● Embellished the interior surfaces, imagery defined architectural aspects of a space ● The pictures defined the worldly knowledge of the head of the household, suggesting he is a person of power and erudition ● Space and decoration convey home owners uniqueness and personal identity Farm, Castle, Villa?
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- Fall '11