a. was delayed in England because of the laws of primogeniture.
b. was limited to Western Europe, especially France and Spain.
c. increased productivity, which was essential to later industrialization.
d. did not occur in the Netherlands because of the limited amount of land available for agriculture.
Fifteenth- and sixteenth-century innovations in business methods included all of the
a. the development of international stock exchanges.
b. the development of maritime insurance.
c. improved accounting methods.
d. improved banking methods.
Commercial development in Spain was inhibited by