B the army of austria hungary was not able to switch

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b. The army of Austria-Hungary was not able to switch from concentrating its forces from the Italian (Alpine) front to the western front in 1918 because the Italian forces were able to regroup from some serious battlefield losses in 1917, stabilize the Italian front in early-mid 1918, and launch a series of counteroffensives that culminated in the decisive Battle of Vittorio Veneto in October-November 1918. c. Correct answer. The revolutionary Bolshevik government withdrew Russia from the war and concluded its support for the Allies by signing the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany and the Central Powers in March 1918. This geo- political defection permitted hundreds of thousands of experienced German soldiers to be transferred from the eastern front facing Russia to the western front in France, where, for the first time in the war, Germany was developing a perilous advantage in military manpower. d. The Germans did not seize the two strategic points of Verdun, France in 1916 and Ypres, Belgium in 1917. The Allies held these two strategic cities following protracted, deadly fighting with the Germans. e. The assumption of political control of the German government by the brilliant German generals Hindenburg and Ludendorff in 1916 did not result in Germany achieving a substantial military advantage over the Allies in the early months of 1918. Question 11 a. Correct answer. Americans fought only two major European battles, at St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne, both in the last two months of the four-year war, and were still deeply immersed in the Meuse-Argonne, considerably short of their military goals, when the war concluded. The Germans were not demoralized by the actual military performance of U.S. troops, but by the fearful anticipation of having to battle countless fresh U.S. troop reserves in the months and years to come. b. The provision of ample amounts of foodstuffs by the United States to the European Allies represented a key contribution to the Allied victory in World War I. c. The provision of substantial amounts oil by the United States for this first mechanized war represented a critical contribution to the Allied war victory. d. The provision of a wide array of munitions by the United States to the Allied war effort represented a vital contribution to the successful Allied war effort. e. The granting of millions of dollars worth of financial loans and other financial credits from America to the struggling European Allies represented a major contribution to the eventual Allied victory in World War I.
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Question 12 a. At the Paris Peace Conference, President Wilson resisted French demands for French sovereignty over the German-inhabited Rhineland and the Saar Valley, a rich coal area near the German-French border. President Wilson also attempted to prevent Italy from claiming sovereignty over the strategic seaport of Flume, against a competing claim of Yugoslavia, and fiercely opposed Japanese efforts to establish its permanent political authority and control over China’s Shandong Peninsula and the German islands in the Pacific. President Wilson grudgingly accepted political compromises in these three areas that fell short of his self-determination ideals.
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