● Sally Hemings- was an enslaved woman of mixed race owned by President Thomas Jefferson of the United States. Most historians believe Jefferson was the father of her six children. ● 13th amendment- abolition of slavery in the US ratified in 1865 in the aftermath of the Civil War ● racialization- is the process of ascribing ethnic or racial identities to a relationship, social practice, or group that did not identify itself as such. Basically being racist ● Palmares- The largest quilombo group in Brazil (quilombo=maroon societies of self- liberated, fugitive slaves residing in isolated geographic locations who formed their own societies). Located in Brazil and developed in 1605. ● Djukka- A Bush Negro people of Dutch Guiana. Tribe of maroons. ○ Maroon society in Suriname ● Boko Haram- N igeria's militant Islamist group Boko Haram - which has caused havoc in
Africa's most populous country through a wave of bombings, assassinations and abductions - is fighting to overthrow the government and create an Islamic state. Believe western education is forbidden. ● Portuguese Company of Cacheo- Royal slave trading company of Portugal formed in 1692 ● castas- mixed-race individuals in Spanish America, resulting from unions of European whites ( espanoles ), Amerinds ( indios ), and Africans ( negros ) -Took place in spanish and portuguese empires Part II Short Answer (3-4 sentences) 6 questions will be asked: ● What crops did enslaved people grow in colonial North America and where? ○ tobacco, rice, indigo ○ Tobacco: grown primarily in the Chesapeake area and required slaves to harvest 10,000 crops a year (Maryland, North Carolina, Virginia) ○ Rice: grown primarily in the low country (South Carolina’s coast and Georgia). These fields were usually worked by women. ■ Indigo also grown in low country ○ Indigo & Rice: Sea Islands – small islands off of the Eastern coast of the United States. ○ Grain grown in Massachusetts ○ Sugar grown in Jamaica and Barbados; in the Americas it was grown in Louisiana. ○ Tobacco grown in the North Carolina, Rice in South Carolina and Indigo (dye color blue). ● Give 3 definitions of slavery ○ Slavery is a form of forced labor in which people are considered to be, or treated as, the property of others. ○ Bondage: The state of being under the control of another person ○ A condition of servitude endured by a slave. ○ An institution or social practice of owning human beings as property. ● Five types of labor of ancient Roman slaves (What is Slavery p.9) ○ domestic or agricultural slaves ○ skilled artisans ○ Gladiators ○ in mining ○ administrative positions ● Four types of modern slavery 1. chattel slavery- Enslaved person who is owned forever. Treated like property.
2. sex slaves- Sexually forced to work, usually women and are raped. 3. debt bondage- Person commits to performing labor to pay off a debt, they know they cannot pay. Most widely practiced form of slavery. 4. forced labor- Forced to work through violence or intimidation.
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