Theories of Counseling Chart
What are some of the key
propositions of the
theory? How and why do
Key Concepts: Core principles that form the
foundation for practice of feminist therapy
are the personal is political, the counseling
relationship is egalitarian, women’s
experiences are honored, definitions of
distress and psychological illness are
reformulated, emphasis on gender equality,
and commitment to confronting oppression
on any grounds.
Theory of Change
How can therapy help a
problems? What must a
person do to improve his
or her functioning?
Goals of Therapy
To bring about transformation both in
the individual client and in society.
Five specific goals are Equality;
Balancing independence and
interdependence; Empowerment; Self-
nurturance; and Valuing diversity.
For individual clients the goal is to assist
them in recognizing, claiming, and using
their personal power to free themselves
from the limitations of gender role
To confront all forms of institutional
policies that discriminate on the basis of
What techniques does
the counselor use to help
bring about change?
the Client and the
Techniques of Therapy: Although techniques
from traditional approaches are used,
feminist practitioners tend to employ
consciousness raising techniques aimed at
helping clients recognize the impact of
Who Is in Charge?
What Is the Role of
the Client and the
gender role socialization on their lives.
Other techniques frequently used include
gender role analysis and intervention, power
analysis and intervention, bibliotherapy,
journal writing, therapist self-disclosure,
What is the counselor
responsible for in
sessions? What is the
client expected to do?
assertiveness training, reframing and
relabeling, cognitive restructuring,
identifying and challenging untested beliefs,
role playing, psychodramatic methods,
Who takes the leading
role in the interaction?