Distinguish among the following protozoan groups.docx

This is the only species in the phylum placozoa flat

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This is the only species in the phylum placozoa. Flat, pancake body with no symmetry, no organs, and no muscular or nervous system. Found in coral reefs in many oceans. Divide asexually and do budding. Even though they all are identical morphologically, there is great regional diversity. As much as there is between humans and amphibians. 1) Describe how evolution of complex organisms is compatible with the second law of thermodynamics . The second law of thermodynamics is always moving toward entropy Here on planet earth we use energy (sun, plants, herbivors, carnivors, ect) 1) Research Act 590 passed by the Arkansas State Legislature. What did this law require? Write a paragraph explaining the history and significance of this law. Then discuss Judge Overton’s decision and what this means concerning the nature of science and faith. Make sure to clarify the essential characteristics of science. Describe how evolutionary studies fit these characteristics whereas ‘scientific creationism’ does not. The Arkansas Act 590 stated that there be a "balanced treatment of creation- science and evolution-science in public schools to protect academic freedom by providing student choice and ensure freedom of religious exercise".
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This law was passed in 1981 by the 73rd Arkansas General Assembly and signed into law by Governor Frank D. White on March 19, 1981. This law meant that creation science would also be taught alongside evolution science in any public school. This was extremely controversial because little to no evidence was accepted in the scientific community to support creation science as a true type of science. Judge Overton overturned this law on January 5, 1982 by ruling that "since creation science is not science, the conclusion is inescapable that the only real effect of Act 590 is the advancement of religion." He felt that Act 590 violated the Constitution which guarantees the separation of church and state. By saying this, he was saying that evolution is a scientific theory and can be taught in public school because it is supported with evidence and is accepted by much of the scientific community, whereas creation science was faith based rather than backed by scientific evidence and support from the scientific community. Judge Overton stated that the essential characteristics of science included it being guided by natural law, must be explanatory by reference to natural law, is testable against the empirical world, the conclusions are tentative, and is falsifiable.
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