What are the reactants that are required to start reaction A Glucose and

What are the reactants that are required to start

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12. What are the reactants that are required to start reaction A? Glucose and Fructose 13. What are the products of reaction A? Sucrose 14. Each of the reactants in reaction A is a single sugar molecule, also called a monosaccharide. What prefix before saccharide would you use to describe sucrose and why? 15. What are the reactants of reaction B? Glycosidic bond
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16. When the two molecules in reaction B are joined together, what other two molecules are produced? 17. What product do all three reactions in Model 2 have in common? 18. On the diagrams in Model 2. circle and label the glycosidic, peptide, and ester bonds. 19. These reactions are all referred to as dehydration synthesis or condensation reactions. With your group develop an explanation for why both of these terms are used to describe these reactions. The reactions are called dehydration synthesis because they create a new molecule is created and water is released during the chemical reaction. 20. These reactions can also be reversed, breaking the large molecule into its individual molecules. What substance would need to be added in order to reverse the reaction? 21. Lysis means to split or separate. What prefix would you add to lysis to mean separate or split using water? 22. Using your answers to the previous two questions, what word is used to describe the reaction that uses water to break apart a large molecule? 23.Metabolism is the collective term used to describe all the chemical reactions taking place inside living organisms. Why is water so important for metabolic reactions? 24. We store excess food in our body either in the form of carbohydrates (in muscles and the liver) or as fat (adipose tissue). When our body needs additional energy it uses the carbohydrate source first as a source of “quick” energy, then the fat. Why do you think carbohydrates are used as a source of quick energy rather than fat? Use complete sentences and scientific terminology in your response. They have fewer carbon atoms that needed to be broken apart than fat molecules.
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27.Look at the two types of fatty acids below, saturated and unsaturated. What is the difference between the two? 28. Saturated fats are solid fats, like the animal fats lard and butter, whereas unsaturated fats are more fluid and form oils, such as vegetable oil. Trans fats are plant oils that are artificially solidified to make them suitable for baking purposes. In recent years trans fats have been associated with negative health issues and are not as widely used. Explain in simple molecular terms what would have to be done to a plant oil to transform it to a trans fat. Add hydrogens to the molecule to remove the double bonds and make the carbons fully saturated with hydrogens.
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