ISS_225_Lec_14_Power_Among_Nations

So they will issue an alert memorandum to the

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so, they will issue an “alert memorandum” to the president and the national security advisors that a conflict is imminent. Check out the following sites for American foreign policy actors (skim through them): President: State: DOD: NSC: CIA: 4. Congress Congress has the sole authority to declare war, raise and organize the armed forces, and appropriate funds for national security. They determine whether treaties will be ratified and confirms ambassadorial and cabinet nominations. Congress has challenged presidents, but prefers to encourage, criticize, or support the president on foreign and military policies. 3
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ISS 225 Power, Authority, Exchange Power Among Nations III. American Foreign Policy Since World War II A. Pre World War II Throughout most of its history, The United States followed a foreign policy course called isolationism, avoiding involvement with other countries. After World War I, President Wilson urged the United States to join the League of Nations, but the U.S. Senate refused to ratify the League of Nations treaty. The final end of American isolationism came with the Second World War. After the war the United States did not hesitate to join the United Nations. B. Cold War Most of the time since the end of World War II, American foreign policy was dominated by the Cold War until the late 1980s. After WWII the U.S. was unquestionably the dominant world power, economically and militarily (nuclear weapons). The United States forged strong alliances with Western Europe through NATO and aided the rebuilding of Europe after the war. Soon, however, many American policymakers feared that the Soviet Union was intent on spreading communism to their neighbors and everywhere. They imposed communism on the occupied territories in Eastern Europe. One foreign policy strategist proposed a policy to deal with communism called containment. The containment doctrine called for the U.S. to isolate the Soviet Union and contain its advances and resist its encroachments, peaceably if possible, but with force if necessary. It was intended to prevent Soviet expansion after WWII. This policy dominated the 1950s. An example of containment was the Truman Doctrine , which declared the American goal of helping other nations, oppose communism. I order to successfully contain, must have strong military force. Aid was given to Third World countries if they were seen as opposing communism. In 1949 Mao Zedong took over in China and set up a communist state, confirming American fears of communist domination. Also in 1949 the Soviet Union exploded its first atomic bomb. This changed the nature of the Cold War, since the U.S. was no longer the only super power. The 1950s represented the height of the cold war, never quite erupting into armed battle, the US and Soviet Union was often on the brink of war.
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