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talked about his struggles with the freedom of the individual and how to balance it against the needs of the collectivity.■Rousseau believed “the preservation of liberty depended on the creation of a new society by means of a social contract”●not original idea-- John Locke--however he had a very original interpretation of the idea●Locke belief: social contract preserved freedom; Rousseau belief: social contract preserved equality■Rousseau’s contract: people voluntarily relinquish certain rights and submit to the general will(a vague entity that found expression in a set of positive laws under a virtuous legislator). These laws had absolute authority and would preserve absolute equality between people■“The Social Contract” creates a political structure by consent of the governed designed to preserve those freedoms established in natural law■General will●**Kant○Enlightenment is one’s emergence from his self-imposed nonage, the inability to use one’s own understanding without another’s guidance. It is not the lack of understanding but the lack of courage
to use one’s own mind without another’s guidance. Motto: Have the courage to use your own understanding! (sort of the freedom to think)○individual○freedom to think 5.What are two moments in that show why the book was banned in France? Where is he critical of the society?