Vice president under Andrew Jackson leading Southern politician began his

Vice president under andrew jackson leading southern

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Vice president under Andrew Jackson; leading Southern politician, began his political career as a nationalist and advocate of protective tariffs - then free trade, state’s rights, limited government, and nullification65.Transcendentalism: Pioneered by Ralph Waldo Emerson in the 1930s: promoted individualism, self-reliance, and freedom from social constraints and emphasized emotions 66.Henry David Thoreau: Famous transcendentalist who turned the environment for inspiration, in 1854 published his book, Walden, which was about his time spent living isolation and feelings on society67.Shakers: Religious movement founded by Ann Lee Stanley - based on ecstatic dances that were a partof their worship - believed God had a male and a female component; maintained a strong division between sexes and equality between men and women68.Brook Farm: Ideal community created by transcendentalists and other radical reformers, founded in 1841 but economic failure of Brook Farm led to their downfall69.Oneida: Radical Utopian community established in New York, in which complex marriage (free love)male consistence(a form of birth control), and controlled breeding to create a new superior generation
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70.Dorothea Dix: Reformer and pioneer in movement to treat insane as mentally ill, responsible for improving conditions in jails, poorhouses and insane asylums throughout U.S. and Canada, succeededin persuading many states to assume responsibility for care of mentally ill71.Seneca Falls: Site of women’s rights convention that met in July 1848: 300 men and women attended, voted and signed by 32 women72.Lucretia Mott: Quaker who attended an anti-slavery convention in 1840 and her party of women wasn’t recognized - called first women’s rights convention in New York in 1848 73.Enlightment: Eighteenth-century movement in Western philosophy: age of optimism, tempered by therealistic recognition of sad state of human condition and need for major reforms74.Manifest Destiny: Belief that the US was destined to secure territory from “sea to sea”, from Atlantic to Pacific Ocean - drove acquisition of territory75.Charles G. Finney:Known as “Father of Modern Revivalism”, pioneer of cooperation among Protestant denominations - believed conversions were human creations instead of divine works of God and that people’s destinies were in their own hands76.Trail of Tears: Cherokee Indians were forced to travel from North Carolina and Georgia through morethan 800 miles to Oklahoma; more than 4,000 Cherokees died of cold, disease, and lack of food during the journeySee hired non-union workers - first judgement in US that recognized that conspiracy law is inapplicable to unions, unions aren’t responsible for illegal acts of their members80.Nativism: Belief that native-born Americans are superior to foreigners81.Cotton Gin and Interchangeable Parts: Cotton Gin: invented by Eli Whitney in 1793; removed seeds from cotton fibers so cotton could be processed quickly and cheaply, resulted in more cotton production and more slaves needed for more acres of cotton fieldsInterchangeable Parts: Uniform pieces that can be made in large quantities over foreign-born ones 82.
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