End of Sectin Review Questions Study Group Version

Strengthens the power of each cooperative state

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strengthens the power of each cooperative state, because each state is working to better each other through a common method of interest. System transformers seek to find a solution to inequality and to promote human-interest and not national interest. Transformer’s main concerns are rooted in social justice, economic well-being, and ecological balances. Individuals are encouraged to participate in the advancement of all three of the main transformer concerns, while they are assured their basic human needs and security by multilateral
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institutions, or even a global federation. Nations-states, if they still exist, are to act according to international norms and are enforced by multilateral enforcement institutions. States are undermining globalization and are essentially the ‘limiting factor’ for global equality and justice. States have proved that they cannot be trusted and are not reliable in addressing the core needs of individuals and maintaining order. ANSWER 2 Maintainer/Machiavellian/Realist – make the state strong, want to take full advantage of the system o National security o Keep the system o Can’t change the system o Henry Bull System is anarchic o No common power o No central government o States are primary actors o USA best can believe is balance of power Neoisolationism Take care of domestic problems Stay closer to home Quite foreign policy Selective engagement USA should be engaged at certain times depending on our interests/goals o Foreign policy sextant o Stay capitalist o Stay with western values o USA regimes and collective security Cooperative security Some say UN should have ability to get together coalitions Reformer/Grotian – cooperative problem solving, biggest danger attitude of the maintainers
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o Common security o Change the system within the bounds of the system o Wants little changes o Can learn to be good, best way to be learn to be good is education Transformers/Kantian/Marxist – more democratic/equal, emancipatory goal o Human security – freedom from fear o Completely change the system o Rules need to be booted o Kantian Kind of good, bad governments/people/buildings get in the way of the good Negative impact of globalization o Depends on your world view o Maintainer – state is still powerful, give state more power Capitalist – market will makes it choices, let the market run o Transformer – capitalism got us into this, can’t reform globalization, need to start over again Globalization from below – Starbucks is becoming more localized, response to people that want a local setting; buy local is response to globalization True capitalist (Adams Smith) are transformers Goods, peoples, ideas, services will have free flow Do not believe in monopoly o Neo liberal institutionalist (reformers) – don’t want to give up too much sovereignty Neo – new, rethinking, latest version Liberalism – 5 different traditions
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