There are many places for lgbs to socialize besides

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There are many places for LGBs to socialize besides bars Gay and Lesbian Relationships 8-21% of lesbian couples have been together for 10 or more years; same for 18-28% of gay male couples Beginning in 2000, gay men and lesbians were able to form legal civil unions in Vermont 2004: MA first state to make gay marriage legal Since then, 17 states (plus D.C.) have joined MA Defense of Marriage Act ruled unconstitutional Gay and lesbian relationships are very similar to heterosexual relationships Rate of change Summer 2012: 6 states (plus D.C.); Winter 2013: 9 states (plus D.C.); Summer 2013: 14 states (plus D.C.); Winter 2014: 18 states (plus D.C.) Lesbian and Gay Families
Increasingly, gay couples and lesbian couples are creating families that include children born to one partner in a previous (hetero) relationship; adopted or conceived via artificial insemination Three concerns have been raised about how the children fare in these families: Will they show disturbances in gender/sexual identity to become gay? Will they be less psychologically healthy? Will they have difficulties w/ their peers? Research on children growing up in lesbian or gay families dismisses these fears Children raised by gay parents are NOT more likely to become gay, NOT more likely to be less psychologically healthy, and NOT more likely to be teased and stigmatized than children raised by heterosexual parents In 2002, the American Academy of Pediatrics issued a policy statement supporting adoptions by gay parents FILM: In my shoes: Stories of youth with LBGT parents E. Lesbian and Gay Families 1. Increasingly, gay couples and lesbian couples are creating families that include children 2. Three concerns have been raised about how the children fare in these families 3. Research on children growing up in lesbian or gay families dismisses these fears 4. In 2002, the American Academy of Pediatrics issued a policy statement supporting adoptions by gay parents 5. FILM: In my shoes: Stories of youth with LBGT parents Attitudes Towards Gays and Lesbians
Attitudes 2010 survey: 45% of Americans believe that homosexuality is always wrong (down from 55% in 2006) Harassment, victimization, and discrimination → 14% had been assaulted w/ a weapon, 17% physically assaulted, 19% victimized by police, 55% verbally harassed. Good news: 79/85% of Americans approve of an overt homosexual teaching in a University Gays and Lesbians as a Minority Group: “Gay and Proud” study : those who wore “gay and proud” experienced subtle discrimination compared to those who wore “Texan and proud” LGBs can usually hide their minority status but it encourages the person to live a lie and to deny his/her true identity. Why do People Become Homosexual or Heterosexual? Biological Theories: Genetic factors, prenatal factors Genetic factors Twin studies: 52% MZ, 22% DZ, 11% adoptive; higher gay rate in identical twins suggests genetic contribution Gene studies: chromosomes 7, 8, and 10 believed to have possible influence on sexual orientation Prenatal Factors
Any of several biological variations during hypothalamus differentiation

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