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Furthermore, harassment is another form of gender discrimination in the workplace. The different types of harassment include bullying and sexual harassment. Women are at a higher risk of harassment than men. Examples of harassment include jokes based on an employee’s skin color, incongruous physical contact, suggestive photographs as well as unsolicited sexual gambits. For instance, a male manager may give promises of a promotion to a subordinate female employee in return for sexual favors. The recent incidence amounts tosexual harassment. Notably, these advances are mostly made to women and hence promoting the issue of gender inequality in the workplace (Ozeren, 1210).Gender stratification refers to social ranking. According to the norms, men have a relatively higher position compared to the women. One of the sociological perspectives in gender stratification is the functionalist perspective which submits that the roles placed according to sexual affiliation exist to maximize the effectiveness of the community (Lindsey,24). Gender inequality creates the division of labor, and the different parts work together in the complex system to promote stability. According to the conflict perspective, men are the dominant gender while women are subordinate to uphold supremacy as well as honor in the society. There should be a balance of power across the genders since clashes occur when dominant clusters mistreat the subordinate. The struggle for dominance is because different classes compete for scarce resources. The conflict theory best explains gender as men fighting to dominate the women. According to the interactionist perspective, gender is strengthened through daily interactions. Social processes such as the formation of identities, conflict, and cooperation are the result of the daily interaction of people. People interact with each other depending on the meanings they have regarding the other person. What is more,
Surname 5the definitions are obtained through communication. The feminist theory examines gender stratification through the interplay of sexual category, race, and class. The purpose of feminism is to comprehend the nature of gender disparity. It explores the role of women in the society, their experiences as well as their interests. According to this theory, conflicts enforce the roles of gender and inequalities. Moreover, the feminist perspective pinpoints the position of patriarchy in the oppression of women (Lindsey, 34).Social institutions contribute to gender inequality and the oppression of women. Social institutions which discriminate include some natural laws, social norms as well as practices that exclude women from public participation. Hence women are not able to access their fundamental rights, empowerment, justice, resources as well as opportunities for progress. For instance, social institutions such as the family unit contribute to gender disparity since men are viewed as superior, and thus women are of a lower class. The notions of the family unit are often carried forward to the corporate world and thus restricting womenfrom occupying executive positions at the expense of men. Additionally, sexual discrimination occurs in the workplace since women are expected to be submissive to advances from men. Moreover, justice is hindered in such cases since subordinates more so