Stability- It occurs but Not the most significantAdaptability- can you make modifications for different contexts? If you are always practicing this then it improves greatlyPersistence- It occurs, but not significantly. ←How should practice variability be implemented in closed skills?Vary non-regulatory conditions- if there is no trial to trial variabilityVary regulatory conditions- if there is trial to trial variabilityoDepends on the taskoIs there intertrial variability. Variability of practice is tuned to the variability of performance←How should practice variability be implemented in open skills?Vary regulatory conditions- in an open skill where regulatory conditions are varying a lot of motor learning is understanding and making sense of regulatory conditions. Therefore it’s important to practice themVary non-regulatory conditions- oOpen skills are very complex, both good answers←Contextual Interference
Is it good to have contextual interference during skill acquisition?What is “interfering” with what?oPractice conditions interfere with practice performanceNot interfering with learning, because it actually improves learningDoesn’t interfere with retention performanceVariable practice= low practice scores, better retention scores.←Contextual InterferenceElaboration hypothesisoYou learn a lot more about the skill you are performing when you use variation in practice.You have more details about how to choose to putt, you know more about itAction plan reconstruction hypothesisoIn the stage of information processing, where we think of response selectionoIf you practice creating motor plans, you become good at creating motor plans. You are able to come up with a plan to execute. Both are True, good evidence to support bothPractice SpecificitySensory Perceptual CharacteristicsoSight, auditory, tactile, etc.Environmental context specificityoPractice in the context you will performCognitive Processing DemandsoRemembering how to moveHow would you use practice specificity and variability for your skill?Design and justify a practice schedule for:oGolf puttingoSoftball battingHave pitcher throw a variety of different pitches as opposed to apitching machine.ohandstand you need to make mistakes to get better and improve.
Chapter 1724/09/2009 08:46:00←Quiz 21
Which of the following is the best definition of overlearning?