The drug recommended as primary prevention of osteoporosis in women over seventy years old is:A. Alendronate (Fosamax)* Selective estrogen receptor modifiers (SERMs)Selective estrogen receptor modifiers (SERMs) treat osteoporosis by selectively:Selectively acting on the estrogen receptors in the bone* Education for a woman considering hormone replacement* Premarin dosage changes intervalDosage changes of conjugated equine estrogen (Premarin) are made at ____ intervals.C. six to eight week* goals of therapy when prescribing hormone replacement therapy (HRT)* ongoing monitoring for sildenafilMen who are prescribed sildenafil (Viagra) need ongoing monitoring for:A. The development of chest pain or dizzinessPatients should also be screened for the use of nitrates* monitoring for medroxyprogesterone injection. Shana is receiving her first medroxyprogesterone (Depo Provera) injection. Shana will need to be monitored for:- depression* Education for oral contraceptives.Don’t smoke * transdermal testosterone gel- do not come in contact with pregnant woman * education for patient who has hypothyroidism on thyroid replacement hormones* treatment of hyperthyroidism with propylthiouracilA woman who is pregnant and has hyperthyroidism is best managed by a specialty team that will most likely treat her with:B. Propylthiouracil.* Prophylactic use of bisphosphonates is recommended for patients with early osteopenia* Calcitonin therapy* FDA Black Box warnings* drugs recommended for with Type 2 diabetes The drugs recommended for older adults with Type 2 diabetes include:- third generation sulfonylureas
* rules in total daily insulin doseWhen the total daily insulin dose is split and given twice daily, which of the following rules may be followed?- Give two-thirds of the total dose in the morning and one-third in the evening.* Treatment with insulin for Type 1 diabeticsEstablishing glycemic targets is the first step in treatment of both types of diabetes. For Type 1 diabetes:- D. Conventional therapy has a fasting plasma glucose target between 120 and 150 mg/dlTreatment with insulin for Type 1 diabetics:- Starts with a total daily dose of 0.2 to 0.4 units per kg of body weight* most reliable indicator of poor nutritional status in older adultsUnlike most Type 2 diabetics where obesity is a major issue, older adults with low body weight have higher risks for morbidity and mortality. The most reliable indicator of poor nutritional status in older adults is:- Involuntary loss of 10% of body weight in less than 6 months* advantages of Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (gliptins)Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (gliptins) act on the incretin system to improve glycemic control. Advantages of these drugs include:- low risk for hypoglycemia * reason why Sulfonylureas have been moved to Step 2 therapySulfonylureas may be added to a treatment regimen for Type 2 diabetics when lifestyle modifications and metformin are insufficient to achieve target glucose levels. Sulfonylureas havebeen moved to Step 2 therapy because they
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 33 pages?