Criminal profiling is a forensic science specialty

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Wrightsman's Psychology and the Legal System
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Chapter 5 / Exercise 3
Wrightsman's Psychology and the Legal System
Greene/Heilbrun
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3. Criminal profiling is a forensic science specialty used in the majority of cases.a. Trueb. False
4. A comparisonspecimen, or sample, is exactly the same as a control.
5. Writing lab notes and reports are optional for scientists working in forensic labs.
6. Forensic science applies to all divisions of the justice system.
We have textbook solutions for you!
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Wrightsman's Psychology and the Legal System
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Chapter 5 / Exercise 3
Wrightsman's Psychology and the Legal System
Greene/Heilbrun
Expert Verified
CHAPTER 1Section 1.1 Forensic Science7. Laboratory backlogs in casework are a major problem in U.S. forensic labs.a. Trueb. False1. a.True. The answer can be found in Section 1.1.2.a.True. The answer can be found in Section 1.2.3.b.False. The answer can be found in Section 1.3.4.b. False.The answer can be found in Section 1.4.5.b. False.The answer can be found in Section 1.5.6.a.True.The answer can be found in Section 1.6.7. a.True. The answer can be found in Section 1.7.1.1 Forensic ScienceWhat is forensic science? Ask a forensic scientist or look it up, and you will most often hear or see the definition as “science applied to matters of the law.” That is indeed a broad definition of forensic science, and it is not very informative. The word forensicis a Latin word meaning “of the forum,” or the Roman Senate, which is associated with debating. We now take this to mean “associated with the law or legal proceedings.” Many people today call forensic science “forensics.” This is incorrect, as forensic science encompasses much more than the law.In the broadest sense, forensic science is indeed science and technology applied to matters of the law. The science could be a physical science, like physics or chemistry, or a biologi-cal science like biochemistry, or a biomedical science like pathology. As for technology, it could be a branch of engineering, such as mechanical or electrical. Or it could be computer and information technologies applied to a forensic problem.Two main features distinguish forensic science from more traditional physical and bio-logical science. The first is that the goal of forensic scientists is to produce results and information for a legal case. The second is that forensic scientists are uniquely concerned with individualization. Individualization means establishing that a person or thing is unique among members of its class. Identifying a person is an example of individualiza-tion. Another example would be showing that a red fiber came from a particular article of clothing (which we cannot do—fibers simply do not have sufficient individualizing fea-tures). Identifying individual people is an important part of forensic science, and forensic scientists strive to achieve the individualization goal, but we will see that some categories of evidence are individualizable and some are not. Unlike forensic scientists, other scien-tists are not typically concerned with demonstrating that a substance or material or pat-tern is unique among the members of its class.The CSI EffectThe portrayals of forensic science featured on various television programs has not accu-
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