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Septal region a portion of the limbic system of the

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Septal region; A portion of the limbic system of the forebrain that is thought to beinvolved in the inhibition of emotional behaviour.Sequential attention; Sensory processing in which single units of information aretreated in succession as opposed to simultaneous attention.Serial anticipation; A learning method in which the subject is given a series of items tomemorize in order and is asked to predict, as each item in the list comes up, what thenext item will be.Serial learning; learning in which materials or operations are presented in a particularorder that must be followed;Serial position cut ve; A graphic representation of retention as a function of the inputposition of the information; usually memory is better for the first items (primacy effect)and the last items (recency effect) than for those in the middle.Serial position effect; Our tendency to recall best the last and first items in a list.Serotonin; An inhibitory neurotransmitter found in the brain and believed to play a rolein sleep and emotion.Set; A predisposition to respond in a particular way, in problem solving, a tendency topersist in solving a problem according to a particular procedure.
Severe mental retardation; A limitation in mental development measured in IQ tests atbetween 20-25 and 35-40. Individuals often cannot care for themselves, communicateonly briefly, and are listless and inactive.Sex chromosomes; Chromosomes contained in sperm cells and ova responsible fordetermining the sex of the offspring. Sex chromosomes produced by the female are ofone variety (X); those produced by the male may be either X or Y.Sex definition; Definition of an individual as male or female by physical criteria.Sex differentiation; Increasing differences in physical development of males andfemales before or after birth; differential treatment of individuals on the basis of sex.Sex-role; A set of expectations for behaviour and characteristics held for' a person onthe basis of sex.Sex-linked characteristic; A hereditary characteristic determined by a gene carried onthe X or the Y chromosome, which also determines sex; red-green colour-blindness isan example of such a characteristic.Sexual and gender identity, disorders;In DSM-IV-TR, disorders comprising theparaphilia’s, sexual dysfunctions, and gender identity disorders.Shadowing; A procedure used in studies of attention, in which the subject must repeatword for word a message as it is being presented.Sham rage; Ferocious, undirected rage behaviour provoked by very mild stimulation;experimental condition produced by surgical removal of the cerebral cortex.Shape constancy; The tendency to perceive an object as of constant form in spite ofchange in the contours of the retinal image.Shaping behaviour; Modifying behaviour by reinforcing only those responses that tendtoward the direction desired by the experimenter.

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Term
Spring
Professor
Xiaoke Zhang
Tags
Psychology, researcher, John B Watson, Variables C

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