End of Sectin Review Questions Study Group Version

Four policy worlds and the natural world nyes playing

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Four Policy Worlds and The Natural World Nye’s playing chess boards-we are playing four games at once with an impact on the 5 th o Economic o Political military o Cultural: traditional (religion, ethnicity, race), popular (global consumer culture) & political (political ideas and values) o Social/global civil society (transnational social movements) Most countries focus mainly on economic and political military. Natural World both enables these worlds and constrains them domestic and global policy shaped by the natural world Part 2 Who is to decide which worldview is the correct one. There is no definite answer as to how states should be run and actors should play 5. Is Huntington’s clash of civilization argument just a realist argument reworked? What was Edward Said’s response? What makes most sense to you? Make reference to the discussion in chapter 24 of BS&O. ANSWER 1 Clash of Civilizations o Nation states will remain the most powerful actors in world affairs o Principal conflicts of global politics will occur between nations and groups of different civilizations o For 1.5 centuries after emergence of Westphalian system, the conflicts of the Western world were largely among princes, emperors, absolute monarchs and constitutional monarchs attempting to expand their bureaucracies, their armies, their mercantilist economic strength, and the territory they ruled o A civilization may include several nation states, as is the case with Western, Latin American and Arab civilizations, or only one, as is the case with Japanese civilization o Civilization identity will be increasingly important in the future, and the world will be shaped in large measure by the interactions among seven or eight major civilizations Important conflicts will occur along the cultural fault lines separating civilizations from one another Conflicts and violence will also occur between states and groups within the same civilization
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o Likely to be less intense and less likely to expand than conflicts between civilizations Micro-level – adjacent groups along the fault lines between civilizations struggle, often violently, over the control of territory and each other Macro-level – states from different civilizations compete for relative military and economic power, struggle over the control of international institutions and third parties, and competitively promote their particular political and religious values o Processes of economic modernization and social change throughout the world are separating people from longstanding local identities – weaken the nation state as a source of identity o Major shift of economic, military, and political power from the West to the other civilizations of the world o The West promotes its economic interests and imposes on other nations the economic policies it thinks appropriate o Differences in power and struggles for military, economic and institutional power are thus one source of conflict between the West and other civilizations
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