➢Native Americans➢respect is communicated through avoidance of eye contact (can be interpreted as anintrusion into the spirit).➢Avoiding loud volume when speaking (stern or loud speaking is considered to beaggressive)➢Allowing for silence during conversation (felt to be disrespectful to interrupt someone’sconversation).➢Greet with light handshake.➢Mexicans➢Emphasizes the mother as the health care decision maker. Fathers are usually in charge ofeverything else besides health care decision making➢Families are very close and patients often bring many family members to their appointments➢Hispanics (Latino’s)➢Yerba burna (mint tea) is commonly used for headaches in Hispanic cultures & is safe inusual quantities➢Stress levels can be very high when Latino patients come to the US. (Emotional distress maypresent with headaches or other somatic complaints).➢Respect is a normative Latino cultural value along with kindness, friendliness & modesty➢It is considered respectful to address elders as Senor/SenoraINDEPENDENTPRACTICE – 46%(81 QUESTIONS)• Confidence interval– specified probability of the parameter being estimated. A small confidenceinterval implies a very precise range of values.
RESEARCH TERMS• Standard Deviation – the average amount of deviation of values from the mean• Reliability– the degree to which an assessment tool produces stable & consistentresults• Validity– the degree in which a variable measure what it is intended to measure• Level of Significance – (P-value) the probability level of which the results of statistical analysis arejudged to indicate a statistically significant difference between 2 groups➢P – Value– the alpha used in statistical analysis establishes level of significance foroutcomes being evaluated. 0.05 is the benchmark used to interpret p –values. P-values >0.05 indicates there is a greater than 5% chance that the study outcome is due to randomchance & thus non-significant. <0.05 is statistically significant meaning – 95% chance thatthe results did not occur by chance.• Perfect Correlation– a measure of interdependence of 2 random variables that range in valuefrom -1 to +1➢-1 indicates perfect negative correlation➢0 absence of correlation➢+1 perfect positive correlation• Evidence Base Practice (EBP) – integration of best research evidence with clinical expertise& patient values to guide medical decision making. The 4 A’s1. Asking a focus question is the 1ststep in seeking an evidence-based answerPICOa) Patient/Population/Problemb) Intervention/Exposurec) Comparison/Controld) Outcome2. Acquiring the best evidence you can find3. Appraisingthe evidence4. Applyingto patient care• Experimental– includes experimental manipulation of variables utilizing randomization & acontrol group to test the effects of the intervention or experiment1. Quasi-experimental– manipulation of variable but lacks comparison group orrandomization•
- Winter '17
- The American