Models and simulations are designed and used to

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models and simulations are designed and used to illustrate and explain phenomena and systems; and j) current applications are used to reinforce science concepts. Overview: The skills described in standard 6.1 are intended to define the “investigate” component of all of the other sixth-grade standards (6.2–6.9). The intent of standard 6.1 is that students will continue to develop a range of inquiry skills and achieve proficiency with those skills in the context of the concepts developed at the sixth grade. Standard 6.1 does not require a discrete unit on scientific investigation because the inquiry skills that make up the standard should be incorporated in all the other sixth-grade standards. It is also intended that by developing these skills, students will achieve greater understanding of scientific inquiry and the nature of science, as well as more fully grasp the content-related concepts in the standards. It is also intended that models, simulations and current applications are used throughout the course in order to learn and reinforce science concepts. Essential Understandings Essential Knowledge, Skills and Processes Resources and Activities Suggested Assessment(s) In order to conduct an experiment, one must recognize all of the potential variables that can affect an outcome. In a scientific investigation, data should be collected, recorded, analyzed, and reported using appropriate metric measurement and tools. In a scientific investigation, data should be organized and communicated through appropriate graphical representation (graph, chart, table, and diagram). Models provide a way of visually representing abstract concepts. The use of models permits students to order events or processes. Science concepts are applied through observations and 14
Subject/Grade Level: 6 th Grade Suggested Pacing Period: 2.5 Weeks (then ongoing) Standard: 6.1 The student will demonstrate an understanding of scientific reasoning, logic, and the nature of science by planning and conducting investigations in which a) observations are made involving fine discrimination between similar objects and organisms; b) precise and approximate measurements are recorded; c) scale models are used to estimate distance, volume, and quantity; d) hypotheses are stated in ways that identify the independent and dependent variables; e) a method is devised to test the validity of predictions and inferences; f) one variable is manipulated over time, using many repeated trials; g) data are collected, recorded, analyzed, and reported using metric measurements and tools; h) data are analyzed and communicated through graphical representation; i) models and simulations are designed and used to illustrate and explain phenomena and systems; and j) current applications are used to reinforce science concepts.

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