15 Lussier and Hendon Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 2017 SAGE

15 lussier and hendon fundamentals of human resource

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15Lussier and Hendon, Fundamentals of Human Resource Management. © 2017, SAGE Publications.
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Types of StrategiesCost Leadership Focuses on lowering organizational costs required to create products or services.Differentiation Focuses on developing a distinctive impression of the product or service in customers’ minds. Focus or NicheFocuses on a specific portion of a larger market. 16Lussier and Hendon, Fundamentals of Human Resource Management. © 2017, SAGE Publications.
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How Strategy Affects HRMHRM and Cost Leadership Maximizes employee efficiency and effectiveness Uses highly specialized jobsRequires employees to repeat the same taskHRM and DifferentiationMaximizes employee flexibility and adaptabilityUses cross-functional teamsInnovates and tries new processes in uncertain environments17Lussier and Hendon, Fundamentals of Human Resource Management. © 2017, SAGE Publications.
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How HR Promotes StrategyThrough EmployeesRecruitingSelectingTrainingEvaluatingInteracting based on the organizational strategiesThrough the OrganizationEvaluating objectives and company characteristicsAssessing competitorsAnalyzing strengths and weaknesses18Lussier and Hendon, Fundamentals of Human Resource Management. © 2017, SAGE Publications.
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Basics of Organizational StructureStructure determines how an organization groups its resources to accomplish its mission.Basics of Organizational StructureComplexity: degree of vertical, horizontal, and spatial differentiation within the organization Formalization: degree to which jobs are standardized within an organization Centralization: degree to which decision-making is concentrated within the organization19Lussier and Hendon, Fundamentals of Human Resource Management. © 2017, SAGE Publications.
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Organizational Structure Is There One “Best” Structure?The best organizational structure fits the firm’s current competitive situation and its internal capabilities and enables successful strategy.20Lussier and Hendon, Fundamentals of Human Resource Management. © 2017, SAGE Publications.
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How Structure Affects Employee Behavior and HRMEmployee BehaviorThe way organizations combine complexity, formalization, and centralization affects employee autonomy.HRMStructure affects the nature of job expertise, training, evaluation, and appraisal of HR employees21Lussier and Hendon, Fundamentals of Human Resource Management. © 2017, SAGE Publications.
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Organizational CultureWhat Is Organizational Culture?Employees’ shared values, beliefs, and assumptions about appropriate behavior. Basics of Organizational CultureEvery organization has a culture, and success depends on the health and strength of it.
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