He used more dynamic ellipse trapezoid center of the

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he used more dynamic ellipse & trapezoid. center of the plaza stands an obelisk- 4 sided shaft topped by a pyramid. David: Sculpture Bernini did in 1623. captures split sec. before david flings the stone that kills Goliath, the pose & facial expression charged the space surrounding the sculpture with tension. Ecstasy of St. Teresa: Sculpture also by Bernini. (1645-1652) celebrate the life of a Counter-Reformation saint. Positioned it in an oval niche above the altar, framed by green marble pilasters. when an angle pierced her heart with a flaming golden arrow, causing her to swoon in pleasure and agony.
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Theatricality: Of, relating to, or suitable for dramatic performance or the theater. Trompe l’oeil: french for “trick the eye” and artistic effect that creates an optical illusion of reality Caravaggio: Michelangelo Merisi, painted Entombment (1603) the paintings impact is enhanced by bringing the figures close to the picture plane. by locating the stone slab at eye-level, suggests the viewer is actually in the tomb, ready to receive jesus’s body Realism: Nineteenth-century artistic and literary movement that attempted to convey to the public the realities of modern life, not just to depict the beautiful Tenebroso: Spotlight effect a sub-category of chiaroscuro; emphasized realism Longitudinal plan: a plan in which length exceeds width.
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Opera: Italian for “a work” musical form, first introduced in the Baroque era, that combines drama, a text set to vocal music, and orchestral accompaniment Handel’s Messiah: musicical forms of opera. most famous is messiah tone is jubilant and celebratory. example “hallelujah Chorus Fugue: is composed of 3 or 4 independent parts of which one part, or voice, states a theme, which is then imitated in a succession by each of the other voices in counterpoint. Fra Andrea Pozzo: Illusionistic Baroque ceiling fresco. (1691-1694) on the nave ceiling of st. Ignatius, Rome. The solid vault of the ceiling has been painted away. Called quadratura, used to trick the eye into believing that the architecture of the church, its columns and arches, extends past the actual ceiling. The academy: linear: form of perspective in drawing and painting in which parallel lines are represented as converging so as to give the illusion of depth and distance. painterly: Characterized by qualities of color, stroke, and texture rather than of line. the debate between the 2: Poussin argued that the linear approach appealed to the mind and was therefore superior. Rubens argued that painterly approached to the senses, and thus superior Poussin: favoring academic history painting, his Rape of the Sabine Women (1636-37) he worked in terms of line rather than color, opposite of Rubens. has complanarty colors and highly saturated naturalistic. buildings are very semicircle
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Rubens: painted The garden of love ( 1638) pleasure of life, main interst in his work is the voluptuous femals figure. painterly look. loose rapid manor. building has many angles. complementary colors Chapters 16 Neoclassicism (ca. 1775-1850) Clarity, Balance, and antiquity Dictate the Arts.
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