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ConclusionYes, teachers face many challenges working with at risk students in low socioeconomic areas. Yes, students and parents have to overcome many adversities and disadvantages to succeedacademically. The challenges, adversities, and disadvantages increase the chances of students having academic and behavioral problems however, effective parental involvement can lessen the effects. Studies show that regardless of economic disadvantages, and lack of parental education or level of completion students can experience success (Bui & Rush, 2016). With the
PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT AND STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT 11help of parents, mentors, counselors, and other natural support systems at-risk students can experience academic success (Portman & Williams, 2014). ReferencesAmerican Phycological Association. (2016). Socioeconomic status. Retrieved from Child Trends. (2013). Parental involvement in schools. Retrieved from Cohen,T.F., Strong, B. (2014). The marriage and family experience: Intimate relationships in a changing society (12th ed). Belmont. Wadsworth.
PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT AND STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT 12Communication Theory. (2016). Sociocultural Theory: in cultural communication, psychology, behavioral and social science. Gonida, E. N., & Cortina, K. S. (2014). Parental involvement in homework: Relations with parent and student achievement-related motivational beliefs and achievement.British Journal Of Educational Psychology, 84(3), 376-396. doi:10.1111/bjep.12039Khanah, B., & Rush, R.A. (2016). Parental Involvement in Middle School Predicting College Attendance for First-Generation Students. Education 136(4), 473-489Malone, D. (2017). Socioeconomic Status: A Potential Challenge for Parental Involvement in Schools.Delta Kappa Gamma Bulletin, 83(3), 58-62.Mayo, A., & Siraj, I. (2015). Parenting practices and children’s academic success in low-SES families. Oxford Review Of Education, 41(1), 47-63. doi:10.1080/03054985.2014.995160Socioeconomic status. (2017). Retrieved from The Glossary of Education Reform. (2013). At-Risk. Retrieved from Toldson, I. A., & Lemmons, B. P. (2013). Social Demographics, the School Environment, and Parenting Practices Associated with Parents' Participation in Schools and Academic Success among Black, Hispanic, and White Students. Journal Of Human Behavior In TheSocial Environment, 23(2), 237-255. doi:10.1080/10911359.2013.747407Williams, J. M., & Portman, T. A. (2014). 'No One Ever Asked Me': Urban African American Students' Perceptions of Educational Resilience. Journal Of Multicultural Counseling &Development, 42(1), 13-30. doi:10.1002/j.2161-1912.2014.00041.xSimply Psychology. (2011). Bandura-Social Learning Theory. Retrieved from Sire,J.W. (2009). The universe next door: A basic worldview catalog (5th ed.). Illinois. InterVarsity Press. Schunk, D. (2016). An educational perspective(7th ed). Boston. Pearson.