Discriminant stimulus stimulus that indicates that

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Discriminant Stimulus: stimulus that indicates that reinforcement or punishment will follow a specific behavior (light on, bar press gives consequence, light off, bar press gives no consequence) Partial vs. Continuous Reinforcement 1. Partial Reinforcement: behaviors reinforced intermittently; slower to extinguish than those reinforced continuously 2. Schedules of Reinforcement: pattern according to which reinforcement is delivered (ratio – after a certain number of responses; interval – after a period of time) Fixed ratio = greatest # of responses, variable interval = least responses Punishment & Learning 1. Punishment can result in immediate change in behavior, often making it an easy solution 2. Punishment has limitations as a way of creating lasting learning 3. Effects of punishment disappears when threat is removed 4. Overridden by competing reinforcement (positive reinforcement will override punishment) 5. Escape behavior or counter-aggression (try to fight consequence/punishment) 6.
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