unmanageable by the beneficiaries especially in rural areas due to neglect on maintenancepractice for continued water storage and security. This has led to increased under-provision ofwater due to societal negligence over the already existing water storage facilities. They are alsofinding it expensive to exploit potential rivers for more recovers in future (Cook, Kimuyu &Whittington, 2016).Poverty is being the cause and consequence of lack of proper storage of rainwater. Thelow-income earners have bad conditioned houses, which are small that they cannot harvestenough water for storage. Again, they lack money to purchase facilities to facilitate waterharvesting and storage facilities like gutters, tanks; both plastic and concrete tanks as more than40% of Kenyans are living below poverty line. Lack of water is associated by diseases likedehydration, which affect mostly infants’ mortality rates in the society and wide spread sufferingc)Rationed Industrial ActivitiesLack of proper water storage facilities has affected industries, which require plenty ofwater in their production activities like pulp and paper industries and agro-based industries. Theproblem has rose because of poor water storage facilities and neglect of future uncertaintiesespecially on industrial water requirement. Due to water shortages, industries have been forcedto reduce their production activities, as they have not embarked on water storage facilities. Notonly water is used for processing but also disposal of industrial waste. Water shortage due to
poor storage and inadequate storage has created artificial hoardings and demand hence affectingeconomic performance.Agriculture and agricultural based economies in developing countries like Kenya facemany problems especially when the country is faced with droughts. This occurs mostly whenthey had not strategized on proper water storage facilities to supplement rainfall, which areseasonal. This makes it hard for the country to take advantage of timing to sell agriculturalproducts at high price, hence the economic related problems like unemployment andretrenchments. Electricity rationing has also characterized Kenya. This is because the countryhas not fully exploited water storage capacity to store water enough to generate enoughelectricity for domestic and industrial use without rationing (Namara et al., 2010). Kenya is oneof the countries with high potential to harvest and store water to meet her domestic waterrequirement but not yet exploited.Silting of dams constructed by donors and government has led to dumping of silt leadingto growth of waterweeds on water surfaces. This reduces usefulness of water and water holdingcapacity hence causing water shortage in the end. The government has also been reluctant inreclaiming the damaged water storage facilities and renovating already existing water storagefacilities causing widespread suffering during dry spell.
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 11 pages?
- Spring '16
- Ode, Water supply, Drinking water, Water crisis