Adverb Modifying Verbsy Where? Prices of commodities went up . The delegates stayed there . When? The boarder never cleaned the room. Later , we toured the pyramids. In what manner? The chairman officially announced it. Linda was graciously entertaining. How often? I seldom see you around. To what extent? His anger was still boiling. Mother always did it right. Adverbs Modifying Adjectives To what extent? It was an extremely boring play. His reason was quite logical. Adverbs Modifying Adverbs To what extent? He lectured very competently. I am not fully satisfied. Adverbs as Part of Verbs Some verbs require an adverb to complete their meaning. An adverb used this way is considered a part of the verb commonly referred to as a two-word- verb. Examples: The car backed up along the curb. The champion boxer knocked out the challenger in the second round. Nouns Functioning as Adverbs 69
70 ENGLISH for CULTURAL LITERARCY III Nouns used as adverbs answer the question Where? or When? about a verb.Some of these words are home, yesterday, today, tomorrow, mornings, afternoons, evenings,nights, week, month, and year. These nouns express time, size, place, measurement, degree, or number. I will travel on Tuesday. The noun Tuesday is used to modify the verb travel . It thus functions as an adverb of time in the sentence. Please come home. The noun home modifies the verb come and therefore functions as an adverb of time in the sentence. Adverbs or Adjective? Remember that an adverb modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb; an adjective modifies a noun or pronoun. Adjective: Our teacher looked pensive. Adverb: The professor looked at her notes pensively. II.MODULAR ACTIVITIES Exercise 1 : Adjective or Adverb - Choose the correct item: 1. He (correct, correctly) defined the terms. The answer sounded (correctly, correct). 2. She (quickly, quick) adjusted the fees. She adapted (quick, quickly) to any situation. 3. He measured the floor (exact, exactly). They proved to be (perfectly, perfect) (exact, exactly) measurements. 4. The stillness of the tomb was (awfully, awful). The tomb was (awfully, awful) still. 5. It was a (dangerously, dangerous) lake to swim in. The man was (dangerous, dangerously) drunk. The gas smelled (dangerously,dangerous). 6. She performed (magnificent, magnificently). It was a (magnificent, magnificently) beautiful performance. 7. Her voice sounds (beautifully, beautiful). She sang the song (exact, exactly) as it was written. We heard it (perfectly, perfect). 8. He was a very (sensibly, sensible) person. He acted very (sensible, sensibly). 9. Mike wrote too (slow, slowly) on the exam. He always writes (slow, slowly). 10. Talk (softly, soft) or don't talk at all. The music played (softly, soft). 11. Andrea knows the material very (good, well). She always treats us (good, well). 12. You must send payments (regular, regularly). We deal on a (strictly, strict) cash basis. 13. The mechanic's tools were (well, good). The foreman said that his work was (good, well) done.
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