Question 13 Which of the following could serve as a primary source of information that might be available to someone writing a biography of Jonas Salk who died in 1995? Answer s: a. A diary written by Dr. Salk. b. An article about Dr. Salk in a 1960's journal. c. A published interview with one of his lab technicians
d. A previous history of his work written about him Response Feedback : The published literature contains primary and secondary sources. A primary source is written by the person who originated, or is responsible for generating,the ideas published. A research publication published by the person or people who conducted the research is a primary source. A theoretical book or paper written by the theorist who developed the theory or conceptual content is a primary source. A secondary source summarizes or quotes content from primary sources. Thus, authors of secondary sources paraphrase the works of researchers and theorists. The problem with a secondary source is that the author has interpreted the works of someone else, and this interpretation is influenced by that author’s perception and bias. Authors have sometimes spread errors and misinterpretations by using secondary sources rather than primary sources. You should use mostly primary sources to write literature reviews. Secondary sources are used only if primary sources cannot be located or if a secondary
source contains creative ideas or a unique organization of information not found in a primary source. Question 14 A conceptual map is defined as ________. Answer s: a. A relational statement connecting objects, phenomena, or ideas b. An integrated set of defined concepts, existence statements, and relational statements that can be used to describe, explain, predict, or control that phenomenon c. A diagram that expresses the interrelationships of concepts and statements in a framework d. A set of highly abstract, related constructs Response Feedback : A framework is the abstract, logical structure of meaning that guides the development of the study and enables the researcher to link the findings to nursing’s body of knowledge. A concept is a term that abstractly describes and names an object, a phenomenon, or an idea, thus providing it with a separate identity or meaning. A construct is a concept at a high level of abstraction with a very general meaning. A theory consists of an integrated set of defined concepts, existence statements, and relational statements that can be used to describe, explain, predict, or control that
phenomenon. A conceptual map is a diagram that expresses the interrelationships of the concepts and statements in a framework. A conceptual model is a set of highly abstract, related constructs. It broadly explains phenomena of interest, expresses assumptions, and reflects a philosophical stance.
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- Fall '16
- Denise Cauble
- Nursing, researcher