DSST Fundamentals of counseling

By looking at each choice in a systematic way the

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Unformatted text preview: By looking at each choice in a systematic way, the best career choice can be determined by multiplying the value of each event with the probability of the event occurring. Career tests are common and are administered in the hope of gaining further self knowledge. Tests often examine a person’s aptitudes and interests and then those results are matched or analyzed based on the particular theory the career counselor subscribes to. For a test to be reliable it must produce similar results each time it is administered. Reliability is crucial in determining if the test results are useful. Tests that are proven to be reliable can be trusted to provide an accurate profile of the individual taking the test with a very small likelihood that the results were influenced by external factors Test validity is concerned with whether or not a test actually measures what it is intended to measure. If a test is developed to assess personality traits then in order for the results to be valid each question has to be analyzed to be certain that it elicits an answer relevant to a person’s personality. Developmental Counseling and Therapy is an integrated theory of assessment and treatment that recognizes a person changes over time and in different situations. Rather than viewing the individual as a static entity that has one true self that needs discovering, developmental therapy suggests that as a person changes so does their sense of self. Change can occur as result of personal growth or environmental influences. Developmental theory is grounded in postmodern thought. Postmodern thought argues that the self constantly changes and interacts with the environment differently in different contexts and over time. The postmodern paradigm rests on the idea of narrative possibility, or the idea that anything is possible. Developmental Counseling and Therapy is an adaptation of Piaget's theory of child development. Piaget found that children had four levels of development. DCT took those four levels and postulated that adults recreate the levels as they as they encounter changing contexts and tasks over a lifetime. Piaget’s four levels of development are sensorimotor, concrete , formal, and post-formal. Piaget organized the levels in a successive hierarchy whereas DCT sees as much value in sensorimotor development as post-formal development. In DCT a higher developmental level is not better it is just different. Developmental Counseling and Therapy took Piaget’s developmental levels and defined them as orientations that need to be considered and worked through in therapy. Each orientation requires different frames of reference and the sum of them all represents the whole person. Depending on where a person is at in their therapy they will be working on different orientations....
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